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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkey 2008

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkey 2008

This edition of OECD's periodic review of Turkey's environmental policy finds that Turkey has achieved consolidation of environmental progress and its environmental legislation is increasingly incorporating the EU environmental aquis. But pollution, energy, and resource intensities still need to be reduced and environmentally related health problems need to be addressed. This review systematically looks at air, water, nature and biodiversity, the environmental-economic interface, the environmental-social interface, and international co-operation, making 45 specific recommendations.

English French, Turkish

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Nature and Biodiversity Management

The area of forest and other wooded land has increased to 27.2% of the national territory. Afforestation efforts, partly to combat soil erosion, have reached 250, 350 and 400 million planted seedlings respectively in 2005, 2006 and 2007, a major contribution to the UNEP goal of at least 1 billion tree planting worldwide each year. Legislation concerning biodiversity has improved, as have related institutional cooperation and co-ordination. The total extent of protected areas has increased during the review period and now accounts for 5.3% of Turkey’s total land area. Turkey has further strengthened the protection of these areas through management plans.

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