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OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkey 2008

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkey 2008

This edition of OECD's periodic review of Turkey's environmental policy finds that Turkey has achieved consolidation of environmental progress and its environmental legislation is increasingly incorporating the EU environmental aquis. But pollution, energy, and resource intensities still need to be reduced and environmentally related health problems need to be addressed. This review systematically looks at air, water, nature and biodiversity, the environmental-economic interface, the environmental-social interface, and international co-operation, making 45 specific recommendations.

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Water Management

Ensuring availability of water for the economy and the population was among the highest priorities in the 8th and 9th National Development Plans of Turkey. These plans also included a number of other objectives related to water management, which are gradually being met. For example, all river basins have now their water management plans, and water quality problems are being addressed. Investment in water supply and waste water infrastructure has increased, with funding from municipalities and the Bank of Provinces. The rate of connection of the population to waste water treatment plants has increased to reach about 40%. Out of 19 larger municipalities, 16 have waste water treatment plants. Almost all irrigation infrastructure (95%) was transferred to user associations and their operation is becoming more efficient.

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