OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkey 2008

image of OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Turkey 2008

This edition of OECD's periodic review of Turkey's environmental policy finds that Turkey has achieved consolidation of environmental progress and its environmental legislation is increasingly incorporating the EU environmental aquis. But pollution, energy, and resource intensities still need to be reduced and environmentally related health problems need to be addressed. This review systematically looks at air, water, nature and biodiversity, the environmental-economic interface, the environmental-social interface, and international co-operation, making 45 specific recommendations.

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Environmental - Economic Interface

Within a strong national economic and development planning founded on National Development Plans (NDP), increasing integration of environmental concerns has been achieved in several sectors, thus providing some progress in the practice of sustainable development. High road fuel prices and taxes (among the highest among OECD countries) provided incentives to reduce the use of petrol and diesel fuel and to renew the motor vehicle fleet. Turkey’s energy intensity improved as did its resource intensity. Lignite, which generates significant pollution when used for energy production, does not receive direct subsidies any more. The structure of agriculture subsidies has changed promoting more environmentally friendly practices. Absolute decoupling took place for municipal waste generation and the use of fertilisers. The regulatory framework for environmental impact assessment of projects has been strengthened and steps launched for the introduction of strategic environmental assessment of policies.

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