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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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Dairy and dairy products

This chapter describes the market situation and highlights the latest set of quantitative medium-term projections for world and national dairy markets for the ten-year period 2018-27. Growth in world milk production is projected to increase by 22% over the projection period, with a large share of the increase coming from Pakistan and India. In 2027, these two countries are expected to jointly account for 32% of global milk production. Most of the additional production in these countries will be consumed domestically as fresh dairy products. Over the projection period, the European Union's share in global exports of dairy commodities is expected to increase from 27% to 29%. As the 2017 butter bubble continues to deflate, nominal and real prices for butter will decrease over the projection period. With the exception of skim milk powder (SMP), dairy prices are expected to decrease in real terms.

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