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OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

image of OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2018-2027

The fourteenth joint edition of the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook provides market projections for major agricultural commodities, biofuels and fish, as well as a special feature on the prospects and challenges of agriculture and fisheries in the Middle East and North Africa.

World agricultural markets have changed markedly since the food price spikes of 2007-8, as production has grown strongly while demand growth has started to weaken. In the coming decade, real agricultural prices are expected to remain low as a result of reduced growth in global food and feed demand. Net exports will tend to increase from land abundant countries and regions, notably in the Americas. Countries with limited natural resources, slow production expansion and high population growth will see rising net imports. Increasing import dependence is projected in particular for the Middle East and North Africa, where a scarcity of arable land and water constrains agricultural production.

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Fish and seafood

This chapter describes the market situation and highlights the latest set of quantitative medium-term projections for world and national fish markets for the ten-year period 2018-27. Global fish production will continue to grow, albeit at a much reduced pace compared with last decade. Additional output derives completely from continued but slowing growth in aquaculture, while capture fisheries production is expected to fall slightly. Policy changes in China imply a potentially large reduction in the growth of its aquaculture and capture fisheries output. Asian countries will account for 71% of the increase in fish consumption as food, and per capita fish consumption will increase in all continents except Africa. Fish and fishery products will continue to be highly traded; Asian countries will continue to be the main exporters of fish for human consumption while OECD countries will remain the main importers. Fish prices will all increase in nominal terms but remain broadly flat in real terms

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