Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

Trends and Policies

image of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008 is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews two important aspects of tourism policy in more detail: the impact of global value chains on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism; and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.

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Travel and tourism are among Switzerland’s most important economic activities. Tourism is a major industry in terms of job creation. In 2006, the sector accounted for 6.2% of GDP, generating 8.4% of total employment. Tourism also has important positive spillovers for the national and local economy. It encourages local governments, especially in mountainous areas, to improve infrastructure such as roads, communications services and public transport networks with the help of federal support. There has been a decline in Tourism related employment in Switzerland (hotels and restaurants) of 11.4% in the period 2001-05 (Table 3.105).

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