Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

Trends and Policies

image of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008 is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews two important aspects of tourism policy in more detail: the impact of global value chains on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism; and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.

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In Sweden, tourism is gradually becoming more recognised as an important driver for the creation of new jobs, new and growing enterprises and stronger regional development. The now 12-year time series of the Swedish Tourism Satellite Account (TSA) has clearly shown the huge impact of tourism on the economy. In 2006, tourism accounted for almost 3% of GDP. The number of jobs in tourism over this period has increased by more than 40% (employment growth in the economy as a whole rose by less than 10% in the same period). Foreign tourists’ expenditure in Sweden (exports) is now bigger than the export revenue from cars. In 2006 alone, tourism created 16 500 new jobs. International overnight stays rose by 12% between 2002 and 2006, and the increase in receipts between 2002 and 2006 was 46%.

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