Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

Trends and Policies

image of Tourism in OECD Countries 2008
Tourism in OECD Countries 2008 is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. The report opens with an overview of the key issues and challenges in tourism policy. The second chapter reviews two important aspects of tourism policy in more detail: the impact of global value chains on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in tourism; and the role of services trade liberalisation in tourism development. The third chapter presents detailed profiles on organisation, budgets, policies, programmes and statistics in tourism for 32 countries.

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In 2004, tourism contributed some 5.3% to Turkish GDP, and accounted for 66% of the value of services exports and 24% of the value of goods exports. In all three measures, the relative importance of tourism declined in the period 2002-04. International arrivals in 2006 were, at 19.8 million, 6.2% down on 2005 (which had been a record year, recording 21.1 million arrivals, 20.6% above the level recorded in 2004). In 2006, 59% of foreign visitors came from OECD countries (60.3% in 2005), with 5.6 million or 28.3% coming from Eastern Europe. The leading origin market for Turkey in 2006 was Germany, which contributed 19% of total arrivals, followed by the Russian Federation with 9.4% and the UK with 8.5%.

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