Development Co-operation Report 2002

Efforts and Policies of the Members of the Development Assistance Committee

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Development results and aid effectiveness have moved to the centre of the development debate and all players are looking at a more results-oriented approach. OECD countries want assurance that they get value for their development donations. In partner countries, citizens are demanding better public expenditure management, including aid allocations, from their governments. Using the Millennium Development Goals as a common yard-stick, both donor and partner countries can measure, monitor and manage aid effectiveness by tracking the results of policies to ensure that they follow a logical chain to reach the desired results. The Development Assistance Committee is working with both its members and partners to improve aid policies and evaluate their implementation in the field. What works and why is examined through discussions with donors and partners to identify and adapt key lessons learned in the areas of accountability, evaluation and reporting for goals such as poverty reduction, public/private partnerships and water and sanitation services. The enormous challenge now will be to optimise these opportunities in order to make the joint efforts of donors and their partners more effective for people in developing countries.

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Reviewing Donor Efforts and Policies

At the Conference on Financing for International Development, held in Monterrey in March 2002, DAC members committed to increasing their ODA in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and eradicate poverty. Since the conference, a number of DAC members have made further announcements of increases to their development co-operation budgets. If these announcements are realised, the DAC total ODA/GNI ratio is estimated to rise from 0.22% in 2001 to 0.26% in 2006. On the policy coherence front, following the 2001 Recommendation to untie ODA to the least developed countries, DAC members, without exception, have taken action to implement its provisions. Their efforts to implement the Recommendation and to enhance policy coherence are also presented in this section.

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