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Society at a Glance 2019

OECD Social Indicators

image of Society at a Glance 2019

This report, the ninth edition of the biennial OECD overview of social indicators, addresses the growing demand for quantitative evidence on social well-being and its trends. This year’s edition presents 25 indicators, several of which are new, and includes data for 36 OECD member countries and, where available, key partners (Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia and South Africa) and other G20 countries (Argentina and Saudi Arabia).

The report features a special chapter on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people: their numbers, how they fare in terms of economic outcomes and well-being, and what policies can improve LGBT inclusivity. It also includes a special section based on the 2018 OECD Risks That Matter Survey on people’s perceptions of social and economic risks and the extent to which they think governments address those risks. In addition, the report provides a guide to help readers in understanding the structure of OECD social indicators.

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Out-of-work benefits

Cash transfers for working-age people provide a major income safety net in case of unemployment. In most countries, two layers of support can be distinguished: primary unemployment insurance benefits and secondary benefits (such as unemployment assistance or guaranteed minimum-income benefits) for those who are not or no longer entitled to insurance benefits. These guaranteed minimum-income benefits (GMI) provide financial support for low-income families to ensure an acceptable standard of living and play a crucial role as last-resort safety nets for long-term unemployed people.

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Graphs

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