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Society at a Glance 2019

OECD Social Indicators

image of Society at a Glance 2019

This report, the ninth edition of the biennial OECD overview of social indicators, addresses the growing demand for quantitative evidence on social well-being and its trends. This year’s edition presents 25 indicators, several of which are new, and includes data for 36 OECD member countries and, where available, key partners (Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia and South Africa) and other G20 countries (Argentina and Saudi Arabia).

The report features a special chapter on lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people: their numbers, how they fare in terms of economic outcomes and well-being, and what policies can improve LGBT inclusivity. It also includes a special section based on the 2018 OECD Risks That Matter Survey on people’s perceptions of social and economic risks and the extent to which they think governments address those risks. In addition, the report provides a guide to help readers in understanding the structure of OECD social indicators.

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Social spending

In 2018, public social spending was just over 20% of GDP on average across the 36 OECD countries (). Public social spending-to-GDP ratios are highest in France at just over 30% of GDP, while Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy and Sweden devoted more than a quarter of their GDP to public social spending. At the other end of the spectrum are mostly non-European countries such as Chile, Korea, Mexico and Turkey, which spend less than 13% of GDP on public social support. Social spending in the emerging economies in the early 2010s was lower than the OECD average, ranging from around 3% of GDP in India to about 17% in Brazil.

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Graphs

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