Coping with Emigration in Baltic and East European Countries

image of Coping with Emigration in Baltic and East European Countries

The Baltic countries have experienced sustained emigration over the past decade, contributing to population decline and a loss of working-age population. The impact of this emigration is felt strongly in the labour market, the general economy and in social developments. How can countries deal with the impact of high levels of emigration? How to attract back emigrants? How best to benefit from the financial, social and human capital developed abroad? The Baltic countries are not alone in addressing these challenges, and this volume brings together the recent experience of Poland and Romania, as well as a wide range of OECD countries, in developing new policies to cope with emigration.



Emigration from Estonia: Recent trends and economic impact

This chapter analyses the general demographic trends causing concern in Estonia: decreasing population and increasing emigration flows, especially among those of working age. The implications of accession to the European Union and the gradual opening of European labour markets are assessed, in terms of the characteristics of emigrants. The profile of emigrants is explored (age, education, etc.). Possible economic implications of emigration are discussed, in light of data limitations. Government policy in the area is described, as well as specific initiatives to favour return.


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