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Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes: Policies for Better Health and Quality of Care

image of Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes: Policies for Better Health and Quality of Care

This report examines how countries perform in their ability to prevent, manage and treat cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. The last 50 years have witnessed remarkable improvements in CVD outcomes. Since 1960, overall CVD mortality rates have fallen by over 60%, but these improvements are not evenly spread across OECD countries, and the rising prevalence of diabetes and obesity are threatening to offset gains.

This report examines how OECD countries deliver the programmes and services related to CVD and diabetes. It considers how countries have used available health care resources to reduce the overall burden of CVD and diabetes, and it focuses on the variation in OECD health systems’ ability to convert health care inputs (such as expenditure) into health gains.

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Adherence to recommended cardiovascular care in OECD health systems

Despite the potential for practice guidelines to improve health care outcomes, there is evidence that they are adopted too slowly or are applied inconsistently within and across countries. The lack of adherence to recommended clinical practice can have adverse effects on patient outcomes as well as higher health care costs. reports on the analysis of the European Society of Cardiology’s long-term registry of heart failure. It examines cross-country and within-country variations in recommended heart failure practice and analyses whether the degree of adherence can be explained by health system characteristics and policies across countries.

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