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Scaling-up Finance Mechanisms for Biodiversity

image of Scaling-up Finance Mechanisms for Biodiversity

This report examines six mechanisms that can be used to scale-up financing for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use and to help meet the 2011-20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The mechanisms are environmental fiscal reform, payments for ecosystem services, biodiversity offsets, green markets, biodiversity in climate change funding, and biodiversity in international development finance. Drawing on literature and more than 40 case studies worldwide, this book addresses the following questions: What are these mechanisms and how do they work? How much finance have they mobilised and what potential is there to scale this up? And what are the key design and implementation issues that need to be addressed so that governments can ensure these mechanisms are environmentally effective, economically efficient and distributionally equitable?

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Global biodiversity loss

Key issues

This chapter presents the current trends in global biodiversity loss, the drivers behind this loss, and the implications of continuing on a business-as-usual pathway. It makes the case for broader and more ambitious application of policies and incentives to address biodiversity conservation and sustainable use, including those that are able to mobilise finance for biodiversity. The chapter discusses recent policy developments relevant to biodiversity finance mechanisms, and highlights the aim, scope and approach taken in this book.

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