People and Biodiversity Policies

Impacts, Issues and Strategies for Policy Action

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The implementation of biodiversity policies will often benefit different groups to a greater or lesser degree. For example, in establishing a property right to facilitate management of a biodiversity-related resource, people who previously had unrestricted use will be adversely affected. Combining analysis and a wealth of case studies, this book offers concepts and tools for addressing distributive issues in biodiversity policy. It will help policy makers put together strategies for anticipating distributive impacts across different groups; and for selecting processes and instruments that manage distributive impacts without compromising conservation and use objectives.

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Methods for Measuring the Distributive Effects of Biodiversity Policies

For all areas of social policy, the decision to implement a policy should be determined by the balance of benefits and costs. But when we are concerned about well-being, benefits and costs cannot be limited to monetary terms, but must include any impact that results from policy implementation. In that sense, there is little disagreement amongst policy analysts: all agree that, broadly, policy must reflect the wishes of the community. Where the disagreement begins, however, is over how the benefits and costs will be measured.

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