People and Biodiversity Policies

Impacts, Issues and Strategies for Policy Action

image of People and Biodiversity Policies

The implementation of biodiversity policies will often benefit different groups to a greater or lesser degree. For example, in establishing a property right to facilitate management of a biodiversity-related resource, people who previously had unrestricted use will be adversely affected. Combining analysis and a wealth of case studies, this book offers concepts and tools for addressing distributive issues in biodiversity policy. It will help policy makers put together strategies for anticipating distributive impacts across different groups; and for selecting processes and instruments that manage distributive impacts without compromising conservation and use objectives.

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The Distributive Effects of Biodiversity Policies: Static Analysis

At an abstract level, biodiversity policies are about change. Successful policies change the way society interacts with the natural environment so that society gains most from the use and/or conservation of biologically diverse habitats and ecosystems. These potential welfare gains from changes in the use of habitats and ecosystems are the foundation for, and deliver political legitimacy to, specific biodiversity-related policy objectives. The starting point for such biodiversity policies is the realisation by policy-makers that such welfare gains can be achieved. Policy objectives then must state the outcomes to be accomplished. Typical examples of such objectives are “the preservation of a genetically viable population of Maculinea in its natural habitat up to the year 2100” or “a reduction of pesticide exposure of songbirds in the UK by 10% by 2010”.

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