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Talent Abroad: A Review of Romanian Emigrants

image of Talent Abroad: A Review of Romanian Emigrants

In recent years, Romania has undergone major economic, social and political transformations. Given the significant emigration of the Romanian population and the recognition of the contributions of the diaspora, Romanian authorities are seeking to better understand this pool of talent residing abroad, which has great potential to contribute to the economic and social development of Romania. This review provides the first comprehensive portrait of the Romanian diaspora in OECD countries. By profiling Romanian emigrants, this review aims to strengthen knowledge about this community and thus help to consolidate the relevance of the policies deployed by Romania towards its emigrants.

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Labour market outcomes of Romanian emigrants

This chapter examines the labour market situation of working-age Romanian emigrants through several key indicators and compares it to that of other groups of emigrants and the native-born population. While they have above-average employment rates, Romanian emigrants also have relatively high unemployment levels across all their main OECD destination countries, except in Canada and the United States. A closer look focuses on developments over time, including changes in labour market integration due to the economic crisis, suggesting that the unemployment rate gap between Romanian emigrants and native-born increased in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Despite generally greater employment levels, job creation has been sluggish for highly educated Romanian emigrants between 2000 and 2015. The industries and occupations in which Romanian emigrants work tend to be unskilled, except for a few specific professions, such as doctors and nurses. Finally, the high rate of over-qualification among emigrants indicates lower job quality.

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