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Talent Abroad: A Review of Romanian Emigrants

image of Talent Abroad: A Review of Romanian Emigrants

In recent years, Romania has undergone major economic, social and political transformations. Given the significant emigration of the Romanian population and the recognition of the contributions of the diaspora, Romanian authorities are seeking to better understand this pool of talent residing abroad, which has great potential to contribute to the economic and social development of Romania. This review provides the first comprehensive portrait of the Romanian diaspora in OECD countries. By profiling Romanian emigrants, this review aims to strengthen knowledge about this community and thus help to consolidate the relevance of the policies deployed by Romania towards its emigrants.

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Return migration to Romania

This chapter discusses return migration to Romania, starting with an analysis of return intentions of Romanian emigrants in OECD countries, and focusing more particularly on the Italian case. After a brief review of the institutional context of Romanian emigration and return, and especially the role of free movement in the European Union, estimates of the number of return migrants to Romania are provided, looking both at stock and flow data. The demographic characteristics of Romanian return migrants are analysed, as well as their educational attainment. Their economic contribution is also discussed, looking both at their integration on the labour market and their role as entrepreneurs. A discussion of remittances sent by emigrants to Romania concludes.

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