Ageing and Employment Policies: Poland 2015

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People today are living longer than ever before, while birth rates are dropping in the majority of OECD countries. Such demographics raise the question: are current public social expenditures adequate and sustainable? Older workers play a crucial role in the labour market. Now that legal retirement ages are rising, fewer older workers are retiring early, but at the same time those older workers who have lost their job after the age of 50 have tended to remain in long term unemployment. What can countries do to help? How can they give older people better work incentives and opportunities? These reports offer analysis and assessment on what the best policies are for fostering employability, job mobility and labour demand at an older age.

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Making work rewarding for older workers in Poland

A major pension reform was launched in 1999, with the previous pay-asyou- go, defined benefit scheme replaced by a notional defined contribution system. The previous, extensive early retirement schemes in Poland were to a large extent closed from 2009, even if there are notable exceptions. In addition, inflow to disability pension is reduced and the statutory pension age is being gradually increased. The aim is to improve economic incentives to work. This chapter assesses the impacts of these reforms, and identifies the remaining challenges and further reforms that may be required to meet them.




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