Ageing and Employment Policies: Poland 2015

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People today are living longer than ever before, while birth rates are dropping in the majority of OECD countries. Such demographics raise the question: are current public social expenditures adequate and sustainable? Older workers play a crucial role in the labour market. Now that legal retirement ages are rising, fewer older workers are retiring early, but at the same time those older workers who have lost their job after the age of 50 have tended to remain in long term unemployment. What can countries do to help? How can they give older people better work incentives and opportunities? These reports offer analysis and assessment on what the best policies are for fostering employability, job mobility and labour demand at an older age.

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Encouraging employers in Poland to hire and retain older workers

While a significant pension and welfare reform process has undoubtedly strengthened incentives to continue working at an older age, further action is still required on the demand side to ensure that those older workers who wish to work longer can do so. This chapter analyses the extent to which there are employment barriers in firms – such as age discrimination, seniority rules in wage setting, insufficient investment in training, and inappropriate employment protection rules. The evidence suggests that older workers encounter major difficulties in changing jobs or in finding a new one when unemployed while retention in their job after the age of 60 has increased.



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