Trends Shaping Education 2016

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Did you ever wonder if education has a role to play in stemming the obesity epidemic sweeping across all OECD countries? Or what the impact of increasing urbanisation might be on our schools, families, and communities? Or whether new technologies really are fundamentally changing the way our children think and learn?

Trends Shaping Education examines major trends affecting the future of education and sets the background on upcoming challenges for policy makers and education providers alike. This work does not give conclusive answers: it is not an analytical report nor is it a statistical compendium, and it is certainly not a statement of OECD policy on these different developments. It is instead a stimulus for thinking about major tendencies that have the potential to influence education, and conversely, the potential of education to influence these trends.

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The future of the nation state

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation

The future of the nation-state trends: A visual overview – a display of the trends in this chapter and the connections between them. Tightening the belt: Prioritising national spending – social expenditure has increased across all OECD countries as life expectancy increases, although retirement age has remained the same. Securing our national borders – illustrates the reductions in military expenditure associated with a parallel decline in the willingness to fight for one’s country. Women at work – reflects a larger female presence in the labour market, including in top managerial positions. Entrepreneurship and knowledge societies – examines government policies to incentivise entrepreneurship and a growing geographical dispersion of innovation. The picture of health – looks at old and new health challenges, such as Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes and obesity. Infographic: The nation-state and education – a visual exploration of the links between the trends in this chapter and education.

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