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2018 OECD Economic Outlook, Volume 2018 Issue 1

image of OECD Economic Outlook, Volume 2018 Issue 1

The OECD Economic Outlook is the OECD's twice-yearly analysis of the major economic trends and prospects for the next two years. The Outlook puts forward a consistent set of projections for output, employment, prices, fiscal and current account balances.

Coverage is provided for all OECD member countries as well as for selected non-member countries. This issue includes a general assessment, a special chapter on policy challenges from closer international trade and financial integration, and a chapter summarising developments and providing projections for each individual country and a statistical annex.

 

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Policy challenges from closer international trade and financial integration: dealing with economic shocks and spillovers

Global economic integration has been a powerful driver of increased economic efficiency and improved living standards around the world, and has contributed to sizeable economic gains in emerging market economies (EMEs). In spite of these gains, enhanced integration has also raised concerns about the costs it has imposed on vulnerable groups and its potential impact on inequality in advanced economies. These issues have been analysed extensively by the OECD, with a comprehensive review provided in the Key Issues Paper for the 2018 Ministerial Council Meeting (OECD, 2018e). This chapter focuses on particular consequences of deeper global economic integration: the impact of closer trade and financial linkages on the propagation of economic shocks and on the transmission channels and effectiveness of macroeconomic policies.

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