OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: France 2018

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: France 2018

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

This review analyses the performance of France, including its efforts towards international stability and climate financing, as well as the impact of the grant-loan composition and the cross-government management of its aid programme.

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Financing for development

Over the period 2012‑2016, French ODA fell from 0.45% to 0.38% of gross national income (GNI), and its geographical allocations did not reflect its stated priority countries for co‑operation. Furthermore, French humanitarian aid, action in fragile contexts, support for NGOs and gender equality still do not inadequately reflect France’s stated ambitions. On the other hand, France has focused its multilateral assistance on a few agencies through which it pursues its priorities, it has successfully developed innovative development financing mechanisms, and it now has a wide range of instruments capable of catalysing private sector development. France has pledged to devote 0.55% of its GNI to ODA in 2022. In order to achieve this target whilst still ensuring coherence with its geographical and thematic priorities, it will need to increase its donor‑driven bilateral aid significantly, and has planned to do so.

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