OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: France 2018

image of OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: France 2018

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review.

This review analyses the performance of France, including its efforts towards international stability and climate financing, as well as the impact of the grant-loan composition and the cross-government management of its aid programme.

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Structure and systems

France has streamlined its central co‑operation machinery, adopting an Orientation and Programming Law on Development and International Solidarity Policy; creating a forum for consultation and accountability to parliament and civil society; increasing the frequency of CICID meetings; and setting up Expertise France, which brought together six technical assistance agencies. But the institutional structure of the French co‑operation system remains complex and fragmented. This complicates the oversight, co‑ordination and coherence of its activities and can result in duplication of efforts, especially between the MEAE and AFD. France has put in place mechanisms that allow cross‑cutting themes to be taken into account, and it has robust systems for procurement and risk management, but it needs to take care to better tailor its procedures to least-developed countries, including those which are fragile. AFD has further strengthened its human resources, but the MEAE needs to ensure that it can retain its ability to oversee aid operations, and the role and economic model of Expertise France need to be clarified.

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