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Global Outlook on Financing for Sustainable Development 2019

Time to Face the Challenge

image of Global Outlook on Financing for Sustainable Development 2019

The financing for sustainable development agenda promises to bring together more actors than ever before – from businesses, governments, philanthropists, and remitting households – to address the world’s most pressing problems and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

Yet, in spite of this promise, the financing for sustainable development gap is growing. While needs continue to increase, resources available to developing countries have been constrained and in some cases even declining, as illustrated by the recent drop in foreign direct investments. New financial instruments and interactions have yet to mobilise much-needed new resources in sufficient volumes. And despite significant advances, we do not yet fully understand the opportunities and risks faced by the various actors in this complex new global financing system.

This report sounds a wake-up call. To fulfil the commitments of the 2030 Agenda, and lift hundreds of millions of people out of extreme poverty, the international community needs to maximise the development footprint of existing and future resources, thereby “shifting the trillions” towards the SDGs. The first in a series, this report charts a forward path for the changes required in measurement, policies, and operations to achieve these ambitious objectives.

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The expansion of the financing for sustainable development system: More actors and resources

The sustainable development finance system has profoundly changed in recent years, with a greatly expanded number of actors. The expansion raises questions about the distribution of the roles and calls for a new mapping of contributions.This chapter presents snapshots of the sustainable development finance landscape by presenting the volumes provided by different actors – external, domestic, public and private – and the repartition of different sources over time. A more granular picture is given about the different roles of actors and their resources. The chapter further examines the impact of the financial and economic shifts of recent years on these types of finance, with emphasis on the historical context and each financing type’s particular niche.

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