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Improving Energy Efficiency in the Agro-food Chain

image of Improving Energy Efficiency in the Agro-food Chain

For a variety of reasons, energy use in the agro-food sector continues to rise, and in many countries, is highly dependent on fossil fuels, contributing significantly to greenhouse gas emissions. It is therefore becoming urgent to consider how the food supply chain can improve its energy efficiency. This report analyses ways of improving energy use in the agro-food sector in relation to both producers and consumers, and puts forward a set of policy recommendations that governments can introduce to meet green growth objectives and achieve sustainable development.

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Executive summary

Almost all activities in the food system depend on some form of energy, which is currently mainly provided by fossil fuels. The need to use scarce natural resources efficiently, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, minimise energy costs and foster the competitiveness of the agro-food sector highlights the importance of the energy efficiency issue: using less energy to provide the same level of output and services. Improving the energy-use efficiency of the agro-food chain is a key priority in several OECD countries and a core element of green growth strategies.

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