Taxing Wages 2021

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This annual publication provides details of taxes paid on wages in OECD countries. It covers personal income taxes and social security contributions paid by employees, social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by employers, and cash benefits received by workers. It illustrates how these taxes and benefits are calculated in each member country and examines how they impact household incomes. The results also enable quantitative cross-country comparisons of labour cost levels and the overall tax and benefit position of single persons and families on different levels of earnings. The publication shows average and marginal effective tax rates on labour costs for eight different household types, which vary by income level and household composition (single persons, single parents, one or two earner couples with or without children). The average tax rates measure the part of gross wage earnings or labour costs taken in tax and social security contributions, both before and after cash benefits, and the marginal tax rates the part of a small increase of gross earnings or labour costs that is paid in these levies.

Taxing Wages 2021 includes a special feature entitled: “Impact of COVID-19 on the Tax Wedge in OECD Countries”.

English Also available in: French

Graphical exposition of the 2020 tax burden

The chapter presents a graphical exposition of the tax burdens on labour income in 2020 for gross wage earnings ranging from 50% to 250% of the average wage. These are illustrated in separate graphs for each of four household types and for each OECD member country. The household types are single taxpayers without children; single parents with two children; one-earner married couples without children and one-earner married couples with two children.The graphs are divided into two sets showing the average and the marginal tax wedge components as percentage of total labour costs (central and local income taxes; employee and employer social security contributions and cash benefits). The graphs also show the net personal average and marginal tax rates.

English Also available in: French


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