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Revenue Statistics in Asian and Pacific Economies 2020

image of Revenue Statistics in Asian and Pacific Economies 2020

Revenue Statistics in Asian and Pacific Economies is jointly produced by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)’s Centre for Tax Policy and Administration (CTP) and the OECD Development Centre (DEV) with the co-operation of the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the Pacific Island Tax Administrators Association (PITAA), and the Pacific Community (SPC) and the financial support from the governments of Ireland, Japan, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden and the United Kingdom. This edition includes a special feature on the tax policy and administration responses to COVID-19 in Asian and Pacific Economies.

It compiles comparable tax revenue statistics for Australia, Bhutan, People’s Republic of China, Cook Islands, Fiji, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nauru, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Tokelau and Vanuatu ; and comparable non-tax revenue statistics for Bhutan, the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Nauru, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Thailand, Tokelau and Vanuatu. The model is the OECD Revenue Statistics database which is a fundamental reference, backed by a well-established methodology, for OECD member countries. Extending the OECD methodology to Asian and Pacific economies enables comparisons about tax levels and tax structures on a consistent basis, both among Asian and Pacific economies and with OECD, Latin American and Caribbean and African averages.

English

Table 3.3 - Tax revenue of main headings as percentage of GDP, 2018

English

Revenue Statistics in Asian and Pacific Economies 2020 - © OECD 2020

‌3.3Tax revenue of main headings as percentage of GDP, 2018
‌‌
1000
Income & profits
2000
Social security
3000
Payroll
4000
Property
5000
Goods & services
6000
Other
Australia 1,2
16.8
 
0.0
 
1.4
 
3.0
 
7.4
 
0.0
 
Bhutan
6.4
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
5.9
 
0.0
 
China 3
6.0
 
..
 
0.0
 
1.4
 
9.6
 
0.0
 
Cook Islands
11.5
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
18.3
 
0.0
 
Fiji
6.7
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.8
 
16.3
 
0.0
 
Indonesia
5.1
 
0.4
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
5.0
 
1.2
 
Japan 1,2
9.6
 
12.5
 
0.0
 
2.6
 
6.6
 
0.1
 
Kazakhstan
6.4
 
0.4
 
1.0
 
0.5
 
8.5
 
0.0
 
Korea 2
9.7
 
7.2
 
0.1
 
3.3
 
7.5
 
0.6
 
Malaysia 4
8.6
 
0.3
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
3.2
 
0.4
 
Mongolia
6.5
 
4.8
 
0.0
 
0.5
 
12.2
 
0.0
 
Nauru
24.8
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
10.5
 
0.0
 
New Zealand 2
18.2
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
2.0
 
12.6
 
0.0
 
Papua New Guinea
7.4
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
4.6
 
0.0
 
Philippines
6.5
 
2.5
 
..
 
0.5
 
7.8
 
1.0
 
Samoa
5.9
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
19.8
 
0.0
 
Singapore
6.1
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
1.8
 
3.9
 
1.3
 
Solomon Islands 5
8.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.2
 
22.3
 
0.0
 
Thailand
6.0
 
1.0
 
0.0
 
0.5
 
9.9
 
0.1
 
Tokelau
8.6
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
9.5
 
0.0
 
Vanuatu
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.6
 
17.4
 
0.0
 
Africa (26) average 1,6
5.9
 
1.6
 
0.2
 
0.3
 
9.4
 
0.1
 
LAC average 7
6.3
 
4.0
 
0.2
 
0.8
 
11.5
 
0.4
 
OECD average 1,2,8
11.6
 
9.1
 
0.4
 
1.9
 
10.9
 
0.1
 
..
Not available
Disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
1.
Data for Australia, Japan, the Africa (26) average and the OECD average are for 2017.
2.
Australia, Japan, Korea and New Zealand are part of the OECD (36) group. Data for Australia, Japan, Korea, New Zealand and the OECD average are taken from OECD (2019),Revenue Statistics 2019.
3.
The tax-to-GDP figures for China do not include revenue from social security contributions as detailed data were not available.
4.
Heading 2000: Data are estimated for 2018.
5.
The social security contributions in the Solomon Islands are null as they do not meet the social security criteria of the OECD classifications set in Annex A of the Interpretative Guide.
6.
Represents an unweighted average for the 26 African countries included in the publicationRevenue Statistics in Africa 2019.
7.
Represents an unweighted average for the 25 Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries included in the publicationRevenue Statistics in Latin America and the Caribbean 2020.
8.
Represents an unweighted average for the 36 OECD member countries included in the publicationRevenue Statistics 2019. Data for 2017 are used.

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