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Consumption Tax Trends 2010

VAT/GST and Excise Rates, Trends and Administration Issues

image of Consumption Tax Trends 2010

This publication provides information on value added taxes, taxes on goods and services and excise duty rates in OECD member countries. It provides information about indirect tax topics such as international aspects of VAT/GST developments in OECD member countries as well as in selected non-OECD economies.  It also describes a range of taxation provisions in OECD countries, such as the taxation of motor vehicles, tobacco and alcoholic beverages.

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Measuring Performance of VAT

The VAT Revenue Ratio

As noted in Chapter 3, there is a wide diversity in the way countries have implemented VAT. Each country has a specific mix of rates, exemptions, thresholds, etc., derived from local historic, economic and political conditions. However, all governments seek to obtain the best yield from the tax, in particular at a time when many are seeking ways to address large fiscal deficits. Raising the standard VAT rate is often considered to be the easiest way to increase revenues from the tax. However, this has its own limitations, in particular in countries where the rate is already relatively high. Improving the performance of the tax is another option. This includes broadening the tax base, a more limited use of reduced rates and exemptions, more efficient tax administration and better compliance.

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