Pensions at a Glance 2019

OECD and G20 Indicators

image of Pensions at a Glance 2019

The 2019 edition of Pensions at a Glance highlights the pension reforms undertaken by OECD countries over the last two years. Moreover, two special chapters focus on non-standard work and pensions in OECD countries, take stock of different approaches to organising pensions for non-standard workers in the OECD, discuss why non-standard work raises pension issues and suggest how pension settings could be improved.

This edition also updates information on the key features of pension provision in OECD countries and provides projections of retirement income for today’s workers. It offers indicators covering the design of pension systems, pension entitlements, the demographic and economic context in which pension systems operate, incomes and poverty of older people, the finances of retirement-income systems and private pensions.

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Gross pension replacement rates for different entry age

All the analysis in previous editions of this publication have covered those entering the labour market at age 20 and then working a full career until the country-specific retirement age. For this and subsequent editions the new base case is defined with a career entry age of 22. To show the impact of this deferral of labour market entry by 2 years the gross replacement rates for average earners have also been calculated with entry at age 20 and are presented in . As both cases assume labour market entry in 2018, they refer to two different birth cohorts: 1998 (entry at age 20) and 1996 (at age 22).



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