International Migration Outlook 2022

image of International Migration Outlook 2022

The 2022 edition of International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and the labour market inclusion of immigrants in OECD countries. It also monitors recent policy changes in migration governance and integration in OECD countries. This edition includes a special chapter on the policy responses by OECD countries to the large inflow of refugees from Ukraine as well as a series of three short chapters on international students analysing respectively recent trends, attraction and retention policies as well as the economic impact of international students. The Outlook also includes country notes and a detailed statistical annex.

English Also available in: French


In 2020, Belgium received 92 000 new immigrants on a long-term or permanent basis (including changes of status and free mobility), ‑19% compared to 2019. This figure comprises 61.8% immigrants benefitting from free mobility, 3.7% labour migrants, 28.1% family members (including accompanying family) and 6.4% humanitarian migrants. Around 5 700 permits were issued to tertiary-level international students. In addition, 169 000 intra-EU postings were recorded in 2020, a decrease of ‑23% compared to 2019. These posted workers are generally on short-term contracts.

English Also available in: French


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