Health at a Glance 2019

OECD Indicators

image of Health at a Glance 2019

Health at a Glance compares key indicators for population health and health system performance across OECD members, candidate and partner countries. It highlights how countries differ in terms of the health status and health-seeking behaviour of their citizens; access to and quality of health care; and the resources available for health. Analysis is based on the latest comparable data across 80 indicators, with data coming from official national statistics, unless otherwise stated.

Alongside indicator-by-indicator analysis, an overview chapter summarises the comparative performance of countries and major trends, including how much health spending is associated with staffing, access, quality and health outcomes. This edition also includes a special focus on patient-reported outcomes and experiences, with a thematic chapter on measuring what matters for people-centred health systems.

English Also available in: French

Research and development in the pharmaceutical sector

Pharmaceutical research and development (R&D) is funded from a complex mix of private and public sources. Governments mainly support basic and early-stage research through direct budget allocations, research grants, publicly owned research institutions and higher education institutions. The pharmaceutical industry is active across all phases of R&D but makes the largest contribution to translating and applying knowledge to develop products. Clinical trials required to gain market approval are largely funded by industry. However, industry also receives direct R&D subsidies or tax credits in many countries.

English Also available in: French


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