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Knowledge Networks and Markets in the Life Sciences

image of Knowledge Networks and Markets in the Life Sciences

Around the OECD countries and beyond, there is a proliferation of initiatives in the life sciences to bring together disperse elements of global research and establish an effective virtual infrastructure for open innovation. Their common goal is to leverage innovative capacity by creating interconnected webs of knowledge and exploiting external expertise.

Some such initiatives have as their goal the monetisation and trading of knowledge in the form of intellectual assets. Others seek to create networks for pooling and exchange of knowledge. Together, these initiatives can be referred to as “knowledge networks and markets” (KNMs). This report considers the development of such KNMs and examines the impact of current initiatives and the possible options for governments, working with the private sector, to improve innovation efficiency and effectiveness.

Improving the interoperability of knowledge resources is fundamental to  the creation of a necessary shared infrastructure for efficient KNM to emerge, as is related sustainable funding and policy clarity. Governments can play a vital catalytic role in improving the productivity of KNMs through such infrastructure development and encouragement of associated social networking. the report makes suggestions for some priority actions based on existing case studies.    

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Knowledge flows

Knowledge is at the core of innovation and needs to flow effectively if productivity is to be efficient. But knowledge also has great value and is jealously guarded by innovators. This chapter explores how the “knowledge complex” – the flow and exchange of knowledge – in the biosciences is changing as the volume of knowledge increases and the numbers and variety of actors involved in knowledge creation and use grow. The functioning of knowledge networks and markets are set in the context of this new knowledge complex.

English

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