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Nuclear Production of Hydrogen

Fourth Information Exchange Meeting, Oakbrook, Illinois, USA , 14-16 April 2009

image of Nuclear Production of Hydrogen

Hydrogen has the potential to play an important role as a sustainable and environmentally acceptable energy carrier in the 21st century. This report describes the scientific and technical challenges associated with the production of hydrogen using heat and/or electricity from nuclear power plants, with special emphasis on recent developments in high-temperature electrolysis and the use of different chemical thermodynamic processes. Economics and market analysis as well as safety aspects of the nuclear production of hydrogen are also discussed.

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The concept of nuclear hydrogen production based on MHR-T reactor

Nuclear Energy Agency

The concept focused on nuclear power for steam reforming of methane and, later, on hydrogen production from water by high temperature solid oxide electrolysis. The programme arises from the premise that the use of hydrogen could grow world wide by a factor of about sixteen over the next century. Anticipating that the main source of hydrogen will continue to be steam reforming of natural gas during much of that period, by 2025, about a quarter of the world’s production of natural gas would be devoted to hydrogen generation, considering both its use as both the energy source and the source of the raw material. The use of nuclear reactors instead of natural gas as the heat source for steam reforming of methane could reduce the total use of natural gas by almost half.

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