OECD Regions at a Glance 2016

image of OECD Regions at a Glance 2016

OECD Regions at a Glance shows how regions and cities contribute to national economic growth and well-being. This edition updates more than 40 region-by-region indicators to assess disparities within countries and their evolution over the past 15 years. The report covers all the OECD member countries and, where data are available, Brazil, People’s Republic of China, Colombia, India, Latvia, Lithuania, Peru, the Russian Federation and South Africa.

New to this edition:

- A comprehensive picture of well-being in the 391 OECD regions based on 11 aspects that shape people's lives: income, jobs, housing, education, health, environment, safety, civic engagement and governance, access to services, social connections, and life satisfaction.  

- Recent trends in subnational government finances and indicators on how competencies are allocated and co-ordinated across levels of governments.



Subnational government spending by type

The importance of subnational governments (SNGs) in the economy is particularly evident when considering their role as employers. Staff spending is the largest expense in SNG budgets, representing on average 36% of expenditure in the OECD area, and ranging from less than 20% in New Zealand to more than 50% in Norway (). High budget shares for staff spending may reflect the fact that SNGs in several countries have the responsibility, delegated from the central government, for the payment of public workers’ salaries, such as teachers, medical staff or social workers. On average in the OECD area, SNGs undertook 63% of public staff expenditure in 2014. This average masks different situations between federal countries (76%) and unitary countries (45%), from less than 10% in Greece and New Zealand to more than 84% in Switzerland and Canada ().



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