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OECD Integrity Scan of Kazakhstan

Preventing Corruption for a Competitive Economy

image of OECD Integrity Scan of Kazakhstan

This report looks at how to curb corruption and build a more competitive economy in the Republic of Kazakhstan by assessing four crucial factors: governance, prevention, detection, and prosecution and recovery. In its analysis, it draws on good international practices as well as OECD instruments and tools in 15 policy areas: regulatory governance, competition policy, public financial management, development co-operation, public sector integrity, public procurement, tax administration and transparency, export credits, lobbying, whistleblower protection, business sector integrity, criminalising bribery, civil society, and media. The report provides recommendations for improving Kazakhstan’s laws and policies as well as effectively implementing them in each of these areas.

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Improving regulatory governance in Kazakhstan

Regulation, i.e. tools which the government use to intervene in the economy and life of their citizens (laws, secondary legislation, and other alternative tools), is of critical importance in shaping the welfare of economies and societies, and contributes to promoting a strong integrity system. For example, overly complex regulatory frameworks, lack of transparency in the preparation of new regulations, plus ineffective and inappropriate application of the rules, are all factors which combine to favour corruption and dishonest behaviour. This chapter assesses how regulatory governance could support integrity in the Republic of Kazakhstan and explores issues related to the rule of law, regulatory transparency, quality of regulations, administrative implications, and enforcement and inspection, and presents recommendations for their improvement.

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