Constitutions in OECD Countries: A Comparative Study

Background Report in the Context of Chile’s Constitutional Process

image of Constitutions in OECD Countries: A Comparative Study

Chile has embarked on an ambitious path towards a new constitution. For all countries, drafting a new constitution or amending an existing one is a stimulating challenge, but also a demanding process from both a political and technical standpoint. This report presents the results of a benchmarking exercise conducted by the OECD of possible constitutional provisions, reflecting the experiences of OECD member countries. The components covered include economic and social rights, the system of government, multi-level governance, constitutional review, fiscal governance and the role and functioning of central banks.

English Also available in: Spanish


Shapinga constitution presents a country with an exceptional opportunity to create a shared vision of the future. It represents a chance to lay the foundations for a strong democracy, government stability, and the protection of fundamental rights. Initiation of the current constitutional reform process in Chile was met with remarkable citizen support following the outcome of a referendum that took place in October 2020. That process has set democratic Chile on a new, promising path.

English Also available in: Spanish

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