Pensions at a Glance 2021

OECD and G20 Indicators

image of Pensions at a Glance 2021

The 2021 edition of Pensions at a Glance highlights the pension reforms undertaken by OECD countries over the past two years. Moreover, the special chapter focuses on automatic adjustment mechanisms in pensions systems in OECD countries, discusses the usefulness and limitations of these policy instruments, and suggests ways to improve them in order to enhance the capacity of pension systems to fulfil their objectives. This edition also updates information on the key features of pension provision in OECD and G20 countries and provides projections of retirement income for today’s workers. It offers indicators covering the design of pension systems, pension entitlements, the demographic and economic context in which pension systems operate, incomes and poverty of older people, the finances of retirement‑income systems and private pensions.

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Gross replacement rates: Public vs Private, Mandatory vs Voluntary schemes

shows the interplay between mandatory public, mandatory private and voluntary pension schemes. As shown in the previous indicator, the average replacement rate from mandatory schemes for a full-career average earner is equal to 52%: for the 17 OECD countries where the calculations of entitlements only cover mandatory public pensions, the average replacement rate for an average worker earner is 60%; for the 10 OECD countries with both public and mandatory private provision but no voluntary, the average replacement rate is 53%; and for the last 11 countries with significant voluntary pensions, the replacement rate from the mandatory component alone is 38%.




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