OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels: Country Notes

image of OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels: Country Notes

This new web format for Country Notes on Fossil Fuel Support provides interactive on-line access to the latest data from the OECD Inventory of Support Measures for Fossil Fuels by country – identifying and estimating the value of support arising from policies that encourage the production or consumption of fossil fuels. The web version allows users to download, share and play with the data. Interactive graphics enable data visualisation, in national currency, by beneficiary and by energy product. These Country Notes provide, for each of the 50 economies covered in the Inventory, a snapshot of energy market structure, the current state of energy prices and taxes, and recent developments and trends in fossil fuel support. Data and country notes for the EU Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries have been collected and prepared as part of the GREEN Action Task Force.



France has very limited fossil-energy resources and imports most of its oil, natural gas, and all of its coal. The country has pursued a policy of developing its nuclear energy industry to reduce its dependence on fossil energy imports, though almost all of the uranium needed to fuel its nuclear power plants is imported (mostly from Canada and Niger). In 2020, nuclear power accounted for roughly three-quarters of France’s electricity generation and 41.6% of its total energy supply (TES), with fossil fuels accounting for 46% of TES. Treating nuclear power as domestic supply, indigenous production meets 40% of the country’s energy use in 2020. Petroleum products accounted for 28.1% of energy use, having dropped steadily from 37% in 1990 and nearly two-thirds in the 1970s.


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