Measuring Sustainable Production

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Most people support sustainable development without knowing what it is. What exactly are sustainable consumption and sustainable production, and how are these practices identified?  This volume reviews the state-of-the-art in measuring sustainable production processes in industry. It includes metrics developed by business, trade unions, academics, NGOs, and the OECD and IEA. These measurement approaches cover the "triple bottom line" (economic, environmental and social dimensions) of industrial sustainability.

In the Same Series

Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development: Political Economy Aspects

Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development: Economic, Environmental and Social Aspects

Institutionalising Sustainable Development


Further Reading

Measuring Sustainable Development: Integrated Economic, Environmental and Social Frameworks




Measuring Ecological Footprints

Sustainability in the environmental sense is a simple idea. It is based on the recognition that when resources are consumed faster than they are produced or renewed, the resource is depleted and eventually used up. In a sustainable world, society’s demand on nature does not exceed nature’s capacity to meet that demand. But how much of nature’s capacity is now being used by human activities? This is the underlying research question behind the Ecological Footprint. This resource accounting tool allows us to measure the demand placed on nature by individuals, cities, countries, business activities, etc. It is increasingly being used by firms in manufacturing and other sectors to understand the context of a resource-constrained world, and its implications for its operations, both in terms of risks and opportunities.


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