World Energy Outlook 2019

image of World Energy Outlook 2019
The World Energy Outlook series is a leading source of strategic insight on the future of energy and energy-related emissions, providing detailed scenarios that map out the consequences of different energy policy and investment choices. This year's edition updates the outlooks for all fuels, technologies and regions, based on the latest market data, policy initiatives and cost trends. In addition, the 2019 report tackles some key questions in depth:
  • What do the shale revolution, the rise of liquefied natural gas, the falling costs of renewables and the spread of digital technologies mean for tomorrow's energy supply?
  • How can the world get on a pathway to meet global climate targets and other sustainable energy goals?
  • What are the energy choices that will shape Africa's future, and how might the rise of the African consumer affect global trends?
  • How large a role could offshore wind play in the transformation of the energy sector?
  • Could the world's gas grids one day deliver low-carbon energy?



Implications for Africa and the world

How the African energy system evolves over the next two decades, and what it will look like in 2040, are vitally important questions not only for Africa but also the rest of the world. The future pathway is far from certain but, whatever the policy choices, the implications of those choices will resonate throughout Africa and beyond. We have outlined possible pathways for the continent’s energy development to 2040 as described in detail in Chapters 9, 10 and 11. These pathways are based on an in-depth, sector-by-sector and country-specific analysis of Africa’s energy sector opportunities: to the best of our knowledge, this is the most comprehensive such analysis undertaken to date.


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