World Energy Outlook 2019

image of World Energy Outlook 2019

The World Energy Outlook series is a leading source of strategic insight on the future of energy and energy-related emissions, providing detailed scenarios that map out the consequences of different energy policy and investment choices.

This year's edition updates the outlooks for all fuels, technologies and regions, based on the latest market data, policy initiatives and cost trends.

In addition, the 2019 report tackles some key questions in depth:

  • What do the shale revolution, the rise of liquefied natural gas, the falling costs of renewables and the spread of digital technologies mean for tomorrow's energy supply?
  • How can the world get on a pathway to meet global climate targets and other sustainable energy goals?
  • What are the energy choices that will shape Africa's future, and how might the rise of the African consumer affect global trends?
  • How large a role could offshore wind play in the transformation of the energy sector?
  • Could the world's gas grids one day deliver low-carbon energy?


Urbanisation, industrialisation and clean cooking

Africa has the world’s fastest growing population: one-in-two people added to the world population in the period to 2040 are African. With over 40% of the continent’s population under the age of 15, it also has the world’s youngest population. This young, expanding population is rapidly becoming more urban. The last two decades have seen the number of people living in cities increase by 90%, and this trend is set to accelerate over the next two decades. By 2040, an additional 580 million Africans are living in cities – a pace of urbanisation that is unprecedented.


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error