OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Papers

The series provides comparative evidence and analysis on SME and entrepreneurship performance and trends and on a broad range of policy areas, including SME financing, innovation, productivity, skills, internationalisation, and others.


No net zero without SMEs

Exploring the key issues for greening SMEs and green entrepreneurship

SMEs and entrepreneurs are of critical importance for reaching climate objectives. They have a significant environmental footprint on aggregate, but also make important contributions to reaching net zero through their innovations and greening efforts. This paper discusses the importance of taking entrepreneurs and SMEs into account in climate and environmental policies. It analyses the drivers and barriers of green entrepreneurship and the greening of SMEs, and discusses policy options to support these objectives.


Keywords: small business, start-ups, climate, government policies, entrepreneurship, SMEs, environment, small and medium-sized enterprises
JEL: Q58: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Environmental Economics: Government Policy; H25: Public Economics / Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue / Business Taxes and Subsidies; G18: Financial Economics / General Financial Markets / General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation; L26: Industrial Organization / Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior / Entrepreneurship; M13: Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics / Business Administration / New Firms; Startups; L53: Industrial Organization / Regulation and Industrial Policy / Enterprise Policy; H32: Public Economics / Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents / Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm; Q54: Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics / Environmental Economics / Climate; Natural Disasters and Their Management; Global Warming
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