Education at a Glance 2022

OECD Indicators

image of Education at a Glance 2022

Education at a Glance is the authoritative source for data on the state of education around the world. It provides information on the structure, finances and performance of education systems across OECD countries and partner economies. More than 100 charts and tables in this publication – as well as much more data available online – provide key information on the output of educational institutions; the impact of learning across countries; access, participation and progression in education; the financial resources invested in education; and teachers, the learning environment and the organisation of schools.

The 2022 edition focuses on tertiary education, looking at the rise of tertiary attainment and the associated benefits for individuals and for societies. It also considers the costs of tertiary education and how spending on education is divided across levels of government and between the state and individuals. A specific chapter is dedicated to the COVID crisis and the shift from crisis management to recovery. Two new indicators on professional development for teachers and school heads and on the profile of academic staff complement this year's edition.

English Also available in: French, German

How much do tertiary students pay and what public support do they receive?

Entering tertiary education often means costs for students and their families, in terms of tuition fees, foregone earnings and living expenses, although they may also receive financial support to help them afford it. Most national students entering tertiary programmes enrol at bachelor’s or equivalent level in OECD countries (see Indicators B1 and B4). Public institutions do not charge tuition fees to national students at this level in one-quarter of countries with data, including Denmark, Estonia (only for programmes taught in Estonian), Finland, Norway, Sweden and Türkiye (). In a similar number of countries, tuition fees are low or moderate, with an average cost for students of under USD 3 000. In the remaining countries, tuition fees are high or very high and range from about USD 4 000 to over USD 8 000 per year. They exceed USD 12 000 in England (United Kingdom), where there are no public institutions at tertiary level and all students enrol in government-dependent private institutions ().

English Also available in: French



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