1887

OECD Factbook 2015-2016

Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

image of OECD Factbook 2015-2016

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a comprehensive and dynamic statistical publication from the OECD. Close to 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, education, energy, transportation, environment, development, health, industry, information and communications, population, employment and labour, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. This year, the OECD Factbook includes new indicators on a number of regional indicators including GDP by metropolitan area.

Data are provided for all OECD countries, including the OECD aggregate, euro area, European Union, and where data are available, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, and South Africa.

For each indicator, there is a two-page spread. A text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator, and a list of references for further information on the indicator. The second page contains a table and a graph providing – at a glance – the key message conveyed by the data. Each indicator includes StatLinks which allow readers to download the corresponding data.

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 is a key reference tool for users working on economic and policy issues.

English German, Spanish

From Chapter: Patents
.

OECD Factbook 2015-2016 - ISBN 9789264251113 - © OECD 2016

Triadic patent families
Number
‌‌
‌2001‌
‌2002‌
‌2003‌
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
Australia
466
 
491
 
498
 
524
 
482
 
365
 
346
 
317
 
351
 
305
 
301
 
299
 
304
 
Austria
339
 
349
 
346
 
353
 
408
 
355
 
376
 
343
 
367
 
389
 
419
 
458
 
500
 
Belgium
438
 
473
 
464
 
565
 
541
 
478
 
430
 
457
 
479
 
474
 
490
 
487
 
471
 
Canada
635
 
681
 
669
 
736
 
715
 
667
 
682
 
690
 
678
 
554
 
545
 
562
 
564
 
Chile
9
 
6
 
3
 
7
 
6
 
9
 
7
 
9
 
11
 
15
 
16
 
16
 
15
 
Czech Republic
20
 
23
 
23
 
24
 
25
 
28
 
23
 
28
 
17
 
14
 
29
 
32
 
38
 
Denmark
281
 
287
 
312
 
369
 
390
 
317
 
316
 
345
 
258
 
302
 
340
 
347
 
364
 
Estonia
3
 
1
 
6
 
0
 
3
 
7
 
4
 
3
 
3
 
3
 
5
 
5
 
5
 
Finland
417
 
318
 
350
 
396
 
390
 
293
 
259
 
253
 
224
 
226
 
230
 
240
 
241
 
France
2 809
 
2 753
 
2 757
 
2 968
 
3 051
 
2 885
 
2 782
 
2 887
 
2 722
 
2 472
 
2 606
 
2 539
 
2 484
 
Germany
7 242
 
6 890
 
6 747
 
6 997
 
7 143
 
6 532
 
5 809
 
5 473
 
5 561
 
5 352
 
5 396
 
5 440
 
5 465
 
Greece
11
 
12
 
20
 
15
 
24
 
22
 
14
 
16
 
15
 
5
 
9
 
9
 
8
 
Hungary
42
 
37
 
50
 
60
 
59
 
48
 
59
 
31
 
50
 
37
 
40
 
41
 
40
 
Iceland
5
 
14
 
6
 
5
 
7
 
8
 
10
 
5
 
2
 
3
 
3
 
3
 
3
 
Ireland
61
 
67
 
86
 
96
 
97
 
76
 
93
 
84
 
85
 
64
 
70
 
74
 
75
 
Israel
387
 
323
 
363
 
422
 
501
 
421
 
349
 
369
 
377
 
350
 
367
 
389
 
414
 
Italy
917
 
929
 
900
 
974
 
964
 
822
 
729
 
759
 
737
 
700
 
688
 
696
 
705
 
Japan
16 630
 
16 830
 
17 909
 
18 712
 
17 717
 
17 992
 
17 722
 
15 726
 
15 330
 
16 042
 
16 423
 
16 220
 
15 970
 
Korea
1 157
 
1 570
 
2 195
 
2 570
 
2 750
 
2 350
 
1 982
 
1 828
 
2 108
 
2 460
 
2 668
 
2 887
 
3 154
 
Luxembourg
28
 
15
 
23
 
27
 
21
 
24
 
15
 
20
 
20
 
24
 
24
 
22
 
20
 
Mexico
14
 
14
 
21
 
19
 
19
 
27
 
19
 
17
 
15
 
14
 
15
 
16
 
17
 
Netherlands
1 364
 
1 870
 
1 987
 
1 974
 
1 761
 
1 478
 
1 065
 
1 127
 
1 052
 
819
 
961
 
930
 
916
 
New Zealand
57
 
81
 
76
 
80
 
73
 
72
 
56
 
72
 
55
 
44
 
45
 
48
 
50
 
Norway
113
 
132
 
120
 
134
 
142
 
123
 
106
 
87
 
129
 
116
 
118
 
121
 
122
 
Poland
15
 
20
 
16
 
24
 
18
 
18
 
25
 
37
 
32
 
61
 
71
 
81
 
92
 
Portugal
9
 
8
 
12
 
12
 
16
 
21
 
42
 
29
 
17
 
16
 
21
 
22
 
26
 
Slovak Republic
4
 
4
 
6
 
1
 
2
 
3
 
4
 
5
 
2
 
8
 
11
 
11
 
11
 
Slovenia
8
 
17
 
16
 
14
 
22
 
8
 
12
 
16
 
17
 
16
 
15
 
16
 
16
 
Spain
213
 
225
 
207
 
293
 
292
 
269
 
258
 
269
 
255
 
236
 
254
 
249
 
244
 
Sweden
754
 
794
 
758
 
804
 
970
 
885
 
964
 
837
 
797
 
641
 
675
 
677
 
644
 
Switzerland
983
 
992
 
1 042
 
1 100
 
1 087
 
1 149
 
1 008
 
995
 
968
 
1 060
 
1 106
 
1 153
 
1 207
 
Turkey
12
 
10
 
11
 
17
 
16
 
17
 
9
 
27
 
28
 
34
 
38
 
41
 
42
 
United Kingdom
2 294
 
2 231
 
2 202
 
2 098
 
2 169
 
2 091
 
1 799
 
1 699
 
1 724
 
1 681
 
1 693
 
1 715
 
1 770
 
United States
16 022
 
16 504
 
16 807
 
17 230
 
17 399
 
15 502
 
13 916
 
13 829
 
13 537
 
12 823
 
13 254
 
13 819
 
14 606
 
EU 28
17 287
 
17 356
 
17 340
 
18 101
 
18 411
 
16 678
 
15 106
 
14 738
 
14 460
 
13 558
 
14 067
 
14 111
 
14 162
 
OECD
53 762
 
54 969
 
57 009
 
59 618
 
59 281
 
55 359
 
51 292
 
48 690
 
48 023
 
47 362
 
48 945
 
49 661
 
50 604
 
Brazil
65
 
58
 
57
 
67
 
76
 
71
 
70
 
84
 
78
 
65
 
69
 
78
 
88
 
China
154
 
272
 
358
 
403
 
522
 
565
 
695
 
826
 
1 297
 
1 417
 
1 542
 
1 657
 
1 785
 
India
109
 
172
 
167
 
175
 
206
 
214
 
197
 
290
 
310
 
375
 
439
 
484
 
528
 
Indonesia
2
 
5
 
3
 
2
 
1
 
5
 
1
 
1
 
1
 
3
 
4
 
5
 
6
 
Russian Federation
83
 
80
 
79
 
70
 
91
 
75
 
78
 
59
 
87
 
89
 
102
 
111
 
119
 
South Africa
28
 
39
 
43
 
38
 
49
 
40
 
37
 
52
 
35
 
30
 
39
 
42
 
42
 
World
54 541
 
56 013
 
58 149
 
60 830
 
60 762
 
56 815
 
52 946
 
50 598
 
50 519
 
50 080
 
51 950
 
52 867
 
54 037
 
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