1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2013 Country statistical profile: Turkey 2013

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2013

Country statistical profile: Turkey 2013
‌‌
Unit
‌2004‌
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
10 162
 
11 391
 
12 895
 
13 894
 
15 025
 
14 443
 
15 604
 
..
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
9.4
 
8.4
 
6.9
 
4.7
 
0.7
 
-4.8
 
9.2
 
8.5
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
28.4
 
17.4
 
13.3
 
3.1
 
-6.2
 
-19.0
 
30.5
 
18.3
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
2.8
 
7.2
 
1.4
 
-6.7
 
4.3
 
3.6
 
2.4
 
5.3
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
11.3
 
8.6
 
8.3
 
5.8
 
0.3
 
-6.9
 
12.8
 
9.2
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
10.4
 
9.8
 
10.3
 
8.3
 
6.8
 
6.3
 
5.7
 
7.7
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
0.8
 
-1.5
 
-2.8
 
-7.0
 
-2.6
 
..
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
33.7
 
33.0
 
32.0
 
33.5
 
36.4
 
..
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
33.0
 
34.5
 
34.8
 
40.5
 
39.0
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
3.8
 
3.7
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
1.5
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
9.9
 
9.9
 
10.0
 
10.5
 
10.7
 
12.8
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
5.9
 
5.8
 
6.1
 
5.5
 
6.8
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.0
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
24.1
 
24.3
 
24.5
 
24.1
 
24.2
 
24.6
 
26.0
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.7
 
5.8
 
5.9
 
5.6
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.5
 
12.0
 
11.9
 
11.5
 
11.0
 
11.2
 
12.4
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
42.8
 
42.8
 
42.7
 
42.7
 
39.9
 
37.4
 
37.9
 
37.7
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
26.2
 
25.4
 
27.6
 
27.5
 
28.3
 
24.4
 
26.8
 
32.7
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
23.6
 
21.9
 
22.7
 
22.3
 
23.9
 
23.3
 
21.2
 
23.8
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-34.4
 
-43.3
 
-54.0
 
-62.8
 
-70.0
 
-38.8
 
-71.6
 
-105.9
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
97.5
 
116.8
 
139.6
 
170.1
 
202.0
 
140.9
 
185.5
 
240.8
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
63.1
 
73.5
 
85.5
 
107.3
 
132.0
 
102.1
 
114.0
 
134.9
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
12.8
 
15.2
 
13.6
 
13.3
 
17.7
 
17.3
 
15.5
 
18.3
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
10.1
 
11.7
 
12.0
 
15.6
 
17.8
 
16.6
 
19.3
 
20.7
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
22.9
 
26.9
 
25.5
 
28.9
 
33.1
 
33.9
 
34.7
 
39.0
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-3.7
 
-4.6
 
-6.1
 
-5.9
 
-5.5
 
-2.1
 
-6.3
 
-9.8
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
22 250
 
22 509
 
26 398
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
143 724
 
185 806
 
138 752
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
924
 
2 106
 
2 549
 
1 554
 
1 464
 
2 464
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
20 185
 
22 047
 
19 504
 
8 409
 
9 038
 
15 878
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
8.6
 
8.2
 
9.6
 
8.8
 
10.4
 
6.3
 
8.6
 
6.5
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
10.3
 
8.5
 
9.2
 
7.5
 
7.1
 
5.7
 
7.2
 
5.9
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
6.8
 
4.9
 
9.7
 
12.4
 
12.8
 
8.0
 
10.6
 
6.2
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
4.7
 
14.7
 
11.3
 
6.3
 
22.4
 
5.1
 
10.5
 
9.9
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
11.0
 
9.6
 
9.3
 
5.6
 
11.8
 
-0.6
 
6.0
 
13.3
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
TRY per USD
0.81
 
0.83
 
0.85
 
0.86
 
0.89
 
0.92
 
0.97
 
1.00
 
Exchange rates
TRY per USD
1.43
 
1.34
 
1.43
 
1.30
 
1.30
 
1.55
 
1.50
 
1.67
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
56
 
61
 
59
 
64
 
64
 
58
 
63
 
57
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
80.9
 
84.4
 
93.0
 
100.0
 
98.5
 
97.7
 
105.1
 
114.2
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.11
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
13.3
 
12.0
 
11.1
 
9.6
 
9.5
 
10.2
 
11.1
 
10.2
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
34.90
 
50.65
 
61.48
 
68.59
 
98.07
 
61.27
 
78.26
 
109.81
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
7.7
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
41.6
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
44 320
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
40 560
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
484
 
523
 
489
 
589
 
443
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
94
 
118
 
129
 
140
 
152
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
31 350
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
28 210
 
28 210
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
460
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
390
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
207
 
216
 
240
 
265
 
264
 
256
 
266
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
10.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
13.1
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: non-tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
35.0
 
34.5
 
37.1
 
28.7
 
25.6
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
48.8
 
46.3
 
46.1
 
46.1
 
43.7
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
30.0
 
30.2
 
30.3
 
30.2
 
30.3
 
28.9
 
30.0
 
32.1
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
52.6
 
53.0
 
53.2
 
53.2
 
53.5
 
52.9
 
55.4
 
57.5
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
29.5
 
28.0
 
27.6
 
27.1
 
27.4
 
28.2
 
29.6
 
31.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
6.1
 
5.6
 
7.6
 
8.1
 
8.5
 
11.1
 
11.5
 
11.7
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
45.5
 
43.0
 
41.1
 
39.6
 
39.0
 
40.0
 
39.1
 
38.3
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
42.2
 
40.0
 
38.3
 
36.8
 
36.1
 
36.6
 
35.1
 
34.2
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
55.1
 
51.7
 
49.2
 
47.6
 
46.8
 
48.9
 
49.3
 
48.4
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
..
 
9.2
 
8.8
 
8.8
 
9.7
 
12.6
 
10.7
 
8.8
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
..
 
9.2
 
8.6
 
8.7
 
9.6
 
12.5
 
10.4
 
8.3
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
..
 
9.4
 
9.1
 
9.1
 
10.0
 
12.6
 
11.4
 
10.1
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
39.2
 
39.4
 
35.7
 
30.3
 
26.9
 
25.3
 
28.6
 
26.5
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
20.7
 
7.1
 
10.8
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 918
 
1 936
 
1 944
 
1 911
 
1 900
 
1 881
 
1 877
 
1 877
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
3 735
 
4 617
 
4 845
 
6 314
 
6 380
 
7 110
 
7 664
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
1.7
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.7
 
2.9
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
67 723
 
68 566
 
69 395
 
70 215
 
71 079
 
71 897
 
72 698
 
..
 
Population growth rates
%
1.3
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.1
 
..
 
Total fertility rates
Children
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.1
 
2.2
 
2.2
 
2.1
 
2.0
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
28.0
 
27.7
 
27.4
 
27.0
 
26.5
 
26.1
 
25.8
 
25.4
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
6.6
 
6.6
 
6.6
 
6.7
 
7.5
 
7.6
 
7.7
 
7.8
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
3.8
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8.6
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
10.3
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
10.5
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
13.6
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
72.5
 
73.0
 
73.2
 
73.3
 
73.6
 
73.8
 
74.3
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
70.5
 
70.9
 
71.1
 
71.1
 
71.4
 
71.5
 
71.8
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
74.6
 
75.0
 
75.3
 
75.6
 
75.8
 
76.1
 
76.8
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
20.5
 
18.4
 
16.9
 
15.9
 
14.9
 
13.1
 
10.1
 
..
 
Overweight and obese aged 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
49.9
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
178 197
 
181 719
 
192 916
 
204 145
 
229 076
 
231 892
 
241 463
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
179 475
 
187 188
 
192 870
 
214 668
 
211 195
 
217 838
 
232 404
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
62
 
62
 
62
 
68
 
57
 
58
 
56
 
..
 
Last updated: 28 February 2013; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
Not available
Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2013 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2013-en)
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