1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

English Also available in: French

2022 Country statistical profile: Netherlands 2022/4

English

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2022

Country statistical profile: Netherlands 2022
‌‌
Unit
‌2014‌
‌2015‌
‌2016‌
‌2017‌
‌2018‌
‌2019‌
‌2020‌
‌2021‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
49 233
 
50 288
 
52 289
 
55 090
 
57 825
 
59 004
 
59 001
 
63 445
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
49 114
 
50 329
 
51 519
 
55 508
 
58 488
 
59 029
 
58 251
 
63 201
 
Household disposable income per capita
Annual growth %
1.2
 
1.2
 
1.7
 
0.4
 
2.2
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
1.6
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
1.4
 
2.0
 
2.2
 
2.9
 
2.4
 
2.0
 
-3.9
 
4.9
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
10.5
 
10.2
 
10.8
 
9.3
 
9.8
 
12.0
 
18.8
 
e 
17.6
 
e 
Gross fixed capital formation
Annual growth %
-2.4
 
29.0
 
-7.3
 
4.2
 
3.6
 
6.2
 
-2.6
 
3.2
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
1.9
 
1.9
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
e 
Industry including energy
%
16.2
 
16.0
 
15.2
 
15.2
 
15.2
 
14.7
 
14.7
 
15.0
 
e 
Construction
%
4.3
 
4.3
 
4.4
 
4.5
 
4.7
 
5.0
 
5.4
 
5.3
 
e 
Trade, repairs, transport, accomm., food services
%
19.7
 
20.3
 
20.6
 
20.7
 
20.6
 
20.9
 
20.1
 
20.5
 
e 
Information, communication
%
4.7
 
4.7
 
4.9
 
4.9
 
5.0
 
5.1
 
5.5
 
5.5
 
e 
Finance and insurance
%
8.9
 
8.5
 
7.8
 
7.3
 
6.7
 
6.6
 
6.5
 
5.9
 
e 
Real estate
%
6.3
 
6.4
 
6.6
 
6.9
 
7.3
 
7.3
 
7.8
 
7.8
 
e 
Professional, scientific, support services
%
14.0
 
14.4
 
14.8
 
15.0
 
15.3
 
15.2
 
14.5
 
14.6
 
e 
Public admin., defence, education, health, social work
%
21.7
 
21.2
 
21.3
 
21.0
 
21.0
 
21.1
 
21.8
 
22.0
 
e 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 R - U)
%
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.4
 
2.3
 
2.3
 
2.0
 
1.7
 
e 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.3
 
-1.9
 
0.1
 
1.4
 
1.5
 
1.8
 
-3.7
 
-2.6
 
e 
General government debt
% of GDP
83.3
 
79.6
 
77.6
 
70.8
 
66.0
 
62.3
 
70.2
 
66.3
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
43.8
 
42.9
 
43.8
 
43.8
 
43.8
 
43.9
 
44.1
 
44.0
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
45.9
 
44.7
 
43.6
 
42.4
 
42.2
 
42.0
 
48.3
 
..
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government/compulsory expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.6
 
8.4
 
8.4
 
8.3
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
9.5
 
..
 
Voluntary expenditure on health
% of GDP
2.0
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
1.7
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
17.9
 
17.6
 
17.5
 
16.6
 
16.2
 
16.1
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
13.1
 
13.3
 
13.3
 
13.5
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
5.4
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.2
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
4.1
 
4.0
 
4.1
 
4.0
 
4.0
 
3.9
 
..
 
..
 
Official Development Assistance - grant equivalent
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.62
 
0.59
 
0.59
 
0.52
 
Official Development Assistance - flows basis
% of GNI
0.64
 
0.75
 
0.65
 
0.60
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
37.0
 
37.0
 
38.4
 
38.7
 
38.8
 
39.3
 
39.7
 
..
 
Tax on personal income
% of GDP
6.9
 
7.6
 
7.1
 
8.3
 
8.0
 
8.5
 
9.1
 
..
 
Tax on corporate profits
% of GDP
2.5
 
2.7
 
3.3
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.7
 
3.1
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
11.3
 
11.3
 
11.7
 
11.6
 
11.7
 
12.1
 
12.0
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
39.0
 
37.0
 
37.2
 
37.4
 
37.8
 
36.9
 
36.1
 
35.3
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
69.5
 
75.2
 
69.3
 
72.6
 
74.1
 
72.7
 
68.2
 
72.7
 
e 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
80.6
 
82.7
 
79.5
 
83.4
 
84.7
 
82.5
 
78.3
 
83.0
 
e 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
82.6
 
58.0
 
70.8
 
77.2
 
80.9
 
72.7
 
80.6
 
78.2
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
590.6
 
512.9
 
499.0
 
576.2
 
646.0
 
635.1
 
592.4
 
755.7
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
673.0
 
571.0
 
569.7
 
653.4
 
726.8
 
707.7
 
673.2
 
834.2
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-5.4
 
-15.2
 
7.3
 
8.4
 
11.8
 
22.0
 
21.1
 
29.9
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
161.6
 
183.8
 
150.2
 
166.1
 
189.4
 
180.4
 
166.1
 
161.9
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
156.2
 
168.6
 
157.6
 
174.5
 
201.2
 
202.4
 
187.1
 
191.8
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
8.5
 
5.2
 
7.1
 
8.9
 
9.3
 
6.9
 
5.1
 
7.2
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
1 612 014
 
1 918 103
 
2 135 054
 
2 387 007
 
2 191 005
 
2 262 325
 
3 572 317
 
3 472 596
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
1 082 512
 
1 274 845
 
1 321 713
 
1 497 709
 
1 458 658
 
1 427 553
 
2 721 430
 
2 744 525
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
45 018
 
175 949
 
60 430
 
20 545
 
99 319
 
-1 140
 
-86 310
 
-77 444
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
53 951
 
235 773
 
183 767
 
18 558
 
-46 876
 
14 379
 
-189 043
 
23 504
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
1.0
 
0.6
 
0.3
 
1.4
 
1.7
 
2.6
 
1.3
 
2.7
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.4
 
1.3
 
0.8
 
1.0
 
1.3
 
2.0
 
2.1
 
1.9
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
-0.1
 
0.6
 
0.9
 
2.7
 
0.8
 
4.0
 
1.9
 
-0.2
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
-1.5
 
-5.3
 
-5.5
 
3.6
 
8.2
 
7.7
 
-9.1
 
17.3
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
-1.0
 
-4.0
 
-1.2
 
4.4
 
2.6
 
2.6
 
-1.7
 
12.1
 
Long-term interest rates
%
1.45
 
0.69
 
0.29
 
0.52
 
0.58
 
-0.07
 
-0.38
 
-0.33
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.81
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.78
 
0.78
 
0.79
 
0.77
 
0.77
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.75
 
0.90
 
0.90
 
0.89
 
0.85
 
0.89
 
0.88
 
0.85
 
Indices of price levels
OECD=100
111
 
102
 
102
 
102
 
105
 
104
 
104
 
105
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
71.1
 
72.6
 
74.1
 
74.5
 
73.1
 
71.5
 
69.3
 
70.9
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.09
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
0.08
 
Renewable energy
Ktoe
3 400.9
 
3 579.3
 
3 686.0
 
4 021.8
 
4 408.2
 
5 108.8
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
99.22
 
51.66
 
41.62
 
52.63
 
69.99
 
63.96
 
42.38
 
71.03
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Households with access to computers
%
..
 
96.2
 
..
 
97.6
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to internet
%
95.8
 
96.0
 
96.7
 
98.2
 
98.0
 
98.4
 
97.0
 
98.6
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstactions
Mln m3
9 439
 
8 444
 
8 021
 
7 915
 
8 090
 
8 403
 
..
 
..
 
National fish landings in domestic ports
'000 tonnes
382
 
330
 
367
 
412
 
357
 
272
 
251
 
..
 
National fish landings in foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
37
 
38
 
46
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
63
 
e 
63
 
e 
62
 
e 
52
 
e 
53
 
e 
46
 
e 
40
 
e 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
8 894
 
8 866
 
8 861
 
8 792
 
8 806
 
8 806
 
9 321
 
..
 
Municipal waste total per capita
Kg
527
 
523
 
522
 
517
 
516
 
515
 
544
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
150
 
157
 
158
 
155
 
151
 
146
 
130
 
136
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
34
 
35
 
36
 
37
 
38
 
40
 
43
 
43
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
8 394
 
8 526
 
8 769
 
9 257
 
9 878
 
10 150
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
12 435
 
12 923
 
13 246
 
13 824
 
14 707
 
14 902
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
19 234
 
19 397
 
19 874
 
20 349
 
20 871
 
20 889
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
3.6
 
3.6
 
3.7
 
3.5
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.9
 
8.9
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
10.4
 
8.8
 
8.5
 
7.7
 
7.7
 
7.4
 
8.2
 
5.0
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
66.6
 
68.6
 
68.6
 
70.0
 
71.6
 
72.9
 
70.0
 
71.7
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
81.9
 
82.4
 
83.1
 
83.7
 
84.8
 
85.4
 
85.3
 
86.0
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
59.7
 
61.5
 
63.3
 
65.5
 
67.5
 
69.5
 
70.8
 
71.4
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
38.3
 
38.5
 
37.7
 
37.3
 
37.3
 
37.0
 
36.9
 
36.0
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
16.6
 
16.8
 
16.8
 
16.7
 
16.7
 
16.6
 
17.2
 
15.8
 
Self-employment rate: male employment
%
20.0
 
19.8
 
19.9
 
19.8
 
19.8
 
19.6
 
20.3
 
19.5
 
Self-employment rate: female employment
%
12.7
 
13.4
 
13.2
 
13.2
 
13.2
 
13.2
 
13.7
 
11.6
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
8.4
 
7.9
 
7.0
 
5.9
 
4.9
 
4.4
 
4.9
 
4.2
 
Unemployment rate: male labour force
%
8.0
 
7.5
 
6.5
 
5.4
 
4.6
 
4.3
 
4.6
 
4.0
 
Unemployment rate: female labour force
%
8.8
 
8.4
 
7.6
 
6.4
 
5.2
 
4.6
 
5.1
 
4.5
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
39.9
 
43.6
 
42.7
 
40.7
 
38.0
 
31.4
 
24.0
 
20.3
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
0.9
 
0.1
 
0.9
 
1.1
 
1.9
 
2.5
 
7.4
 
0.0
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 426
 
1 426
 
1 437
 
1 437
 
1 436
 
1 439
 
1 407
 
1 417
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
18 158
 
18 282
 
18 724
 
19 518
 
19 614
 
20 423
 
20 865
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
9.6
 
9.5
 
9.8
 
9.9
 
10.2
 
10.2
 
10.7
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
16 865
 
16 940
 
17 030
 
17 131
 
17 232
 
17 345
 
17 442
 
17 533
 
Population growth rates
%
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.6
 
0.6
 
0.7
 
0.6
 
0.5
 
Total fertitity rates
Children
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
16.8
 
16.6
 
16.4
 
16.2
 
16.0
 
15.8
 
15.6
 
15.5
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
17.6
 
18.0
 
18.3
 
18.7
 
19.0
 
19.3
 
19.6
 
19.9
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
11.6
 
11.8
 
12.1
 
12.6
 
13.0
 
13.4
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
4.8
 
5.0
 
5.3
 
5.7
 
6.1
 
6.5
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born men
% of labour force
6.5
 
5.9
 
5.1
 
4.0
 
3.4
 
3.1
 
4.2
 
3.5
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born men
% of labour force
12.2
 
11.1
 
9.6
 
8.3
 
6.1
 
5.5
 
7.5
 
6.7
 
Unemployment rate in population of native-born women
% of labour force
7.0
 
6.5
 
5.8
 
4.7
 
3.4
 
2.8
 
4.3
 
3.7
 
Unemployment rate in population of foreign-born women
% of labour force
13.6
 
13.3
 
11.6
 
9.6
 
7.9
 
6.6
 
9.4
 
9.2
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
81.8
 
81.6
 
81.7
 
81.8
 
81.9
 
82.2
 
81.4
 
81.5
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
80.0
 
79.9
 
80.0
 
80.2
 
80.3
 
80.6
 
79.7
 
79.9
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
83.5
 
83.2
 
83.2
 
83.4
 
83.4
 
83.7
 
83.1
 
83.1
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
3.6
 
3.3
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
3.5
 
3.6
 
3.8
 
..
 
Overweight or obese, % of population aged 15 and over
Measured
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide Rates
Per 100 000 persons
10.6
 
10.7
 
10.8
 
10.8
 
10.2
 
10.0
 
10.0
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
102 725
 
103 664
 
104 453
 
104 063
 
102 186
 
104 331
 
100 866
 
105 772
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road Fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
34
 
37
 
37
 
36
 
39
 
38
 
35
 
..
 
Last updated: 8 November 2022; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
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Estimated value
Source: OECD Data (data.oecd.org).

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