1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2009 Country statistical profile: Germany 2009

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2009

 Country statistical profile: Germany 2009
 
 
 
Unit
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
 
Gross domestic product
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Bln USD curr. PPPs
2 130.2
 
2 211.8
 
2 275.4
 
2 358.4
 
2 467.8
 
2 587.7
 
2 704.5
 
2 829.1
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
25 919
 
26 862
 
27 587
 
28 579
 
29 912
 
31 380
 
32 835
 
34 391
 
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
25 676
 
26 595
 
27 246
 
28 380
 
30 198
 
31 766
 
33 414
 
34 977
 
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
3.2
 
1.2
 
0.0
 
-0.2
 
1.2
 
0.8
 
3.0
 
2.5
 
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
9.2
 
9.4
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.6
 
10.5
 
10.8
 
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
21.5
 
20.0
 
18.3
 
17.9
 
17.5
 
17.4
 
18.2
 
18.7
 
 
GDP per hour worked
Annual growth %
2.6
 
1.8
 
1.5
 
1.2
 
0.6
 
1.4
 
2.4
 
0.6
 
 
GDP deflator
Annual growth %
-0.7
 
1.2
 
1.4
 
1.2
 
1.0
 
0.7
 
0.5
 
1.9
 
 
Economic structure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing
Annual growth %
-0.4
 
3.8
 
-7.0
 
-5.5
 
29.4
 
-16.1
 
-3.2
 
4.1
 
 
Real value added: industry
Annual growth %
4.5
 
-0.1
 
-1.8
 
-0.4
 
3.4
 
1.6
 
4.8
 
4.9
 
 
Real value added: services
Annual growth %
3.4
 
2.1
 
1.3
 
0.1
 
0.5
 
0.9
 
2.2
 
2.0
 
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
1.3
 
-2.8
 
-3.6
 
-4.0
 
-3.8
 
-3.3
 
-1.5
 
0.1
 
 
General government debt
% of GDP
60.4
 
59.7
 
62.1
 
65.3
 
68.7
 
71.1
 
69.4
 
65.5
 
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
8.2
 
8.3
 
8.4
 
8.5
 
8.1
 
8.2
 
8.1
 
..
 
 
Total expenditure on health
% of GDP
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.6
 
10.8
 
10.6
 
10.7
 
10.6
 
..
 
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
26.2
 
26.3
 
27.0
 
27.3
 
26.7
 
26.7
 
..
 
..
 
 
Public pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
11.7
 
..
 
 
Private pension expenditures
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
0.1
 
0.1
 
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
0.27
 
0.27
 
0.27
 
0.28
 
0.28
 
0.36
 
0.36
 
0.37
 
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
37.2
 
36.1
 
35.4
 
35.5
 
34.8
 
34.8
 
35.6
 
36.2
 
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
11.2
 
10.4
 
9.9
 
9.7
 
9.5
 
9.8
 
10.8
 
11.3
 
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
10.5
 
10.4
 
10.3
 
10.4
 
10.1
 
10.1
 
10.1
 
10.6
 
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
54.0
 
53.0
 
53.5
 
54.2
 
53.2
 
53.1
 
53.3
 
52.2
 
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trade in goods and services
% of GDP
33.2
 
33.8
 
33.4
 
33.7
 
35.9
 
38.4
 
42.5
 
43.4
 
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
54.8
 
85.7
 
125.6
 
146.8
 
193.6
 
198.0
 
203.6
 
269.5
 
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
495.4
 
486.3
 
490.1
 
601.8
 
718.2
 
779.8
 
922.2
 
1 059.3
 
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
550.2
 
572.0
 
615.6
 
748.5
 
911.8
 
977.8
 
1 125.8
 
1 328.8
 
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
-55.0
 
-54.1
 
-43.2
 
-50.7
 
-51.1
 
-47.1
 
-39.3
 
-45.2
 
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
138.2
 
142.7
 
145.5
 
173.8
 
196.9
 
210.3
 
226.4
 
261.0
 
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
83.2
 
88.6
 
102.3
 
123.1
 
145.8
 
163.2
 
187.1
 
215.7
 
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
-1.7
 
0.0
 
2.0
 
2.0
 
4.7
 
5.2
 
6.1
 
7.5
 
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
486 750
 
..
 
..
 
720 718
 
814 798
 
843 947
 
1 025 167
 
..
 
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
462 529
 
..
 
..
 
666 174
 
719 260
 
631 176
 
750 196
 
..
 
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
198 313
 
26 419
 
53 571
 
32 398
 
-10 195
 
41 943
 
55 199
 
50 932
 
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
56 567
 
39 691
 
18 963
 
5 827
 
20 559
 
68 834
 
94 753
 
167 454
 
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): all items
2000 = 100
100.0
 
102.0
 
103.4
 
104.5
 
106.2
 
107.9
 
109.6
 
112.1
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): food
2000 = 100
100.0
 
104.5
 
105.3
 
105.2
 
104.8
 
104.9
 
107.0
 
111.1
 
 
Consumer Price Indices (CPI): energy
2000 = 100
100.0
 
106.0
 
106.2
 
110.4
 
114.8
 
126.2
 
136.9
 
142.3
 
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
2000 = 100
100.0
 
101.3
 
101.5
 
102.1
 
103.9
 
106.8
 
109.7
 
112.6
 
 
Long-term interest rates
%
5.27
 
4.80
 
4.78
 
4.07
 
4.04
 
3.35
 
3.76
 
4.22
 
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
ISK per USD
0.97
 
0.96
 
0.94
 
0.92
 
0.90
 
0.87
 
0.86
 
0.86
 
 
Exchange rates
ISK per USD
1.09
 
1.12
 
1.06
 
0.89
 
0.81
 
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.73
 
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
95
 
96
 
98
 
106
 
109
 
106
 
106
 
112
 
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
343.2
 
353.0
 
344.8
 
347.4
 
349.4
 
345.3
 
348.6
 
334.8
 
 
Total primary energy supply per capita
Toe per capita
4.18
 
4.29
 
4.18
 
4.21
 
4.23
 
4.19
 
4.23
 
4.06
 
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.16
 
0.15
 
0.14
 
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
3.1
 
3.4
 
3.8
 
4.1
 
4.8
 
5.1
 
6.1
 
7.2
 
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
28.09
 
24.15
 
24.40
 
28.44
 
36.65
 
52.30
 
63.29
 
71.60
 
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
17.5
 
17.8
 
17.0
 
15.3
 
14.8
 
15.1
 
15.3
 
13.8
 
 
ICT-related occupations: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
21.6
 
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
36.0
 
46.1
 
54.1
 
60.0
 
61.6
 
67.1
 
70.7
 
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
40 590
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
35 557
 
..
 
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
194
 
179
 
182
 
222
 
223
 
246
 
259
 
..
 
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
45
 
43
 
50
 
64
 
57
 
57
 
45
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
52 810
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
46 425
 
..
 
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
565
 
..
 
 
CO2 emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
827
 
845
 
833
 
842
 
843
 
811
 
823
 
..
 
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
University level: graduation rates in peer age group
%
18
 
18
 
18
 
18
 
19
 
20
 
21
 
..
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
23.5
 
23.2
 
23.4
 
24.0
 
24.9
 
24.6
 
23.9
 
..
 
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
47.2
 
47.0
 
44.8
 
42.4
 
41.9
 
42.6
 
44.0
 
45.9
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
79.3
 
79.3
 
78.8
 
78.2
 
78.1
 
77.4
 
78.8
 
80.3
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
37.6
 
37.9
 
38.6
 
39.0
 
41.8
 
45.5
 
48.1
 
51.3
 
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
17.6
 
18.3
 
18.8
 
19.6
 
20.1
 
21.8
 
22.0
 
22.2
 
 
Self-employment rate: total civilian employment
%
11.0
 
11.1
 
11.2
 
11.4
 
12.1
 
12.4
 
12.2
 
12.0
 
 
Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment
%
13.4
 
13.4
 
13.6
 
14.0
 
14.9
 
14.9
 
14.7
 
14.4
 
 
Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment
%
7.9
 
8.3
 
8.2
 
8.4
 
8.8
 
9.4
 
9.3
 
9.2
 
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force
%
7.5
 
7.6
 
8.4
 
9.3
 
9.8
 
10.6
 
9.8
 
8.4
 
 
Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force
%
7.5
 
7.8
 
8.8
 
9.9
 
10.3
 
11.2
 
10.2
 
8.5
 
 
Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force
%
7.6
 
7.4
 
7.9
 
8.7
 
9.1
 
10.0
 
9.4
 
8.3
 
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
51.5
 
50.4
 
47.9
 
50.0
 
51.8
 
54.1
 
57.3
 
56.6
 
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per hour, total economy
USD
23.6
 
24.4
 
25.0
 
26.0
 
26.5
 
27.0
 
27.5
 
27.8
 
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
1 473
 
1 458
 
1 445
 
1 439
 
1 442
 
1 435
 
1 433
 
1 433
 
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
% of GDP
2.45
 
2.46
 
2.49
 
2.52
 
2.49
 
2.48
 
2.54
 
2.53
 
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.6
 
6.7
 
6.8
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
7.0
 
7.2
 
7.2
 
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
82 212
 
82 350
 
82 488
 
82 534
 
82 516
 
82 469
 
82 376
 
82 247
 
 
Population growth rates
%
0.1
 
0.2
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
-0.0
 
-0.1
 
-0.1
 
-0.2
 
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
1.4
 
1.3
 
1.3
 
..
 
 
Ratio of population aged 65 and over to total
%
16.4
 
16.9
 
17.3
 
17.7
 
18.3
 
18.9
 
19.5
 
19.9
 
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net migration rate
Per '000 inhabitants
2.0
 
3.3
 
2.7
 
1.7
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
0.3
 
0.5
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
12.5
 
12.6
 
12.8
 
12.9
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Foreign population
% of population
8.9
 
8.9
 
8.9
 
8.9
 
 |
8.2
 
8.2
 
8.2
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
6.9
 
..
 
..
 
9.3
 
10.3
 
 |
10.6
 
9.4
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
12.9
 
..
 
..
 
16.9
 
18.3
 
 |
17.5
 
16.6
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
8.0
 
..
 
..
 
8.8
 
9.6
 
 |
10.2
 
9.3
 
..
 
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
12.1
 
..
 
..
 
14.0
 
15.2
 
 |
16.3
 
15.8
 
..
 
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
78.2
 
78.5
 
78.5
 
78.6
 
79.2
 
79.4
 
79.8
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
75.1
 
75.6
 
75.7
 
75.8
 
76.5
 
76.7
 
77.2
 
..
 
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
81.2
 
81.4
 
81.3
 
81.3
 
81.9
 
82.0
 
82.4
 
..
 
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
4.4
 
4.3
 
4.2
 
4.2
 
4.1
 
3.9
 
3.8
 
..
 
 
Society
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
10.3
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
 
Household expenditure on recreation and culture
% of GDP
5.6
 
5.6
 
5.4
 
5.3
 
5.3
 
5.2
 
5.2
 
5.1
 
 
Number of tourists
'000
16 719
 
15 754
 
15 672
 
15 979
 
17 620
 
18 761
 
20 630
 
21 449
 
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
91
 
85
 
83
 
80
 
71
 
65
 
62
 
60
 
Note:  |: Break in series Last updated 6 April 2009
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2009 (www.SourceOECD.org/factbook)
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