1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

The key tables by country statistical profiles include a wide range of indicators on economy, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health, information and communication, labour, migration, R&D, trade and society. Historical data refer to the latest eight time periods.

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2014 Country statistical profile: European Union 2014/2

English French

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2014

Country statistical profile: European Union 2014
‌‌
Unit
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
‌2013‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
29 100
 
30 756
 
32 042
 
31 364
 
32 061
 
33 415
 
33 370
 
34 256
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
29 188
 
30 777
 
32 001
 
31 363
 
32 095
 
33 465
 
33 384
 
34 244
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
2.0
 
1.8
 
1.2
 
0.5
 
-0.4
 
-0.1
 
-1.1
 
..
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
3.4
 
3.2
 
0.4
 
-4.5
 
2.0
 
1.6
 
-0.4
 
0.1
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
5.6
 
5.2
 
5.7
 
7.8
 
6.4
 
5.8
 
5.8
 
..
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
6.2
 
6.2
 
-1.4
 
-13.4
 
-0.2
 
1.6
 
-3.0
 
-2.5
 
Economic structure: share of real value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
%
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
Industry
%
20.1
 
20.0
 
19.7
 
18.2
 
19.1
 
19.3
 
19.1
 
19.1
 
Trade, transport, accomm., restaurants, communication
%
24.1
 
24.1
 
24.1
 
24.0
 
23.7
 
23.6
 
23.6
 
23.5
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business
%
25.7
 
26.2
 
26.1
 
26.5
 
26.4
 
26.6
 
26.8
 
27.0
 
Other services (ISIC Rev.4 O - U)
%
21.6
 
21.2
 
21.6
 
23.1
 
22.9
 
22.7
 
22.9
 
23.0
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-1.5
 
-0.9
 
-2.4
 
-6.8
 
-6.5
 
-4.4
 
-3.9
 
-3.3
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
44.7
 
44.6
 
44.6
 
44.1
 
44.1
 
44.6
 
45.4
 
45.7
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
46.2
 
45.5
 
47.0
 
51.0
 
50.6
 
49.0
 
49.3
 
49.0
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.4
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
2.2
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
39.1
 
39.5
 
41.0
 
35.9
 
39.9
 
42.7
 
42.9
 
42.0
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
39.5
 
40.0
 
41.2
 
36.9
 
40.9
 
43.8
 
44.9
 
44.8
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
-204.7
 
..
 
-134.6
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 990.5
 
..
 
2 301.1
 
..
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
1 785.8
 
..
 
2 166.4
 
..
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
213.6
 
279.9
 
315.3
 
283.9
 
316.1
 
389.9
 
387.9
 
434.3
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
1 235.9
 
1 461.6
 
1 622.3
 
1 451.7
 
1 504.1
 
1 651.3
 
1 610.4
 
1 694.5
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
1 449.6
 
1 746.2
 
1 945.1
 
1 742.1
 
1 822.9
 
2 047.9
 
2 004.8
 
2 136.9
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
9 099 676
 
9 297 425
 
9 700 880
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
7 569 970
 
7 643 400
 
8 034 994
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
856 720
 
538 522
 
359 860
 
371 722
 
465 500
 
230 349
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
1 252 662
 
977 925
 
387 322
 
477 943
 
553 875
 
281 828
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
2.3
 
2.4
 
3.7
 
1.0
 
2.1
 
3.1
 
2.6
 
1.5
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
1.4
 
1.9
 
1.9
 
1.6
 
1.3
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.2
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
2.4
 
3.5
 
6.4
 
1.0
 
1.0
 
3.4
 
3.0
 
2.6
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
8.5
 
3.3
 
11.0
 
-5.1
 
7.2
 
11.3
 
7.1
 
0.7
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
3.4
 
3.1
 
5.1
 
-4.6
 
3.3
 
5.6
 
2.1
 
0.0
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.81
 
0.81
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
0.76
 
0.75
 
0.77
 
0.75
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.80
 
0.73
 
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
0.75
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
102
 
107
 
108
 
103
 
99
 
100
 
96
 
100
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 778.6
 
1 757.6
 
1 750.1
 
1 650.3
 
1 715.7
 
1 654.0
 
..
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
..
 
..
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
6.9
 
7.6
 
8.2
 
9.2
 
10.0
 
10.2
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exports of ICT goods
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
70.1
 
73.2
 
76.1
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
520
 
520
 
510
 
510
 
500
 
490
 
490
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
3 998
 
3 946
 
3 862
 
3 565
 
3 679
 
3 548
 
3 505
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: primary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: secondary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2010 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
37.6
 
38.2
 
38.4
 
36.2
 
35.3
 
34.9
 
34.0
 
33.4
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
78.1
 
79.0
 
79.4
 
77.9
 
77.6
 
77.6
 
77.2
 
76.8
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
43.6
 
44.6
 
45.6
 
46.0
 
46.4
 
47.6
 
49.0
 
50.3
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
16.0
 
16.0
 
16.0
 
16.4
 
16.7
 
16.9
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
..
 
..
 
7.0
 
..
 
..
 
9.6
 
10.5
 
..
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
..
 
..
 
6.7
 
..
 
..
 
9.6
 
10.5
 
..
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
..
 
..
 
7.6
 
..
 
..
 
9.8
 
10.6
 
..
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
44.5
 
41.6
 
36.2
 
32.6
 
39.2
 
42.1
 
43.7
 
46.5
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
3.1
 
3.1
 
0.7
 
0.1
 
2.8
 
1.9
 
4.2
 
..
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
242 262
 
251 707
 
263 352
 
263 114
 
267 971
 
277 828
 
281 906
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.3
 
6.3
 
6.6
 
6.8
 
7.1
 
7.2
 
7.3
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
494 005
 
496 045
 
497 980
 
499 523
 
501 079
 
501 928
 
502 403
 
506 167
 
Population growth rates
%
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.2
 
0.1
 
..
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
15.9
 
15.8
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
16.9
 
17.0
 
17.2
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
17.7
 
18.0
 
18.2
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
6.8
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
6.3
 
6.2
 
8.4
 
9.1
 
9.1
 
9.8
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
10.0
 
10.3
 
14.9
 
14.7
 
14.0
 
15.2
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
7.5
 
7.1
 
8.4
 
9.0
 
9.1
 
9.9
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
11.9
 
11.7
 
13.9
 
14.3
 
15.0
 
16.0
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Obesity rate ages 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
2 370 429
 
2 456 580
 
2 423 974
 
2 159 157
 
2 245 173
 
2 272 987
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
5 263
 
5 337
 
5 363
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
87
 
85
 
78
 
70
 
62
 
60
 
..
 
..
 
Last updated: 12 December 2014; disclaimer: http://oe.cd/disclaimer
..
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Break in series
Note: European Union of 28 countries
Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2014 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2014-en)

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