1887

Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD

.

2013 Country statistical profile: European Union 2013/2

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Country statistical profiles: Key tables from OECD - ISSN 2075-2288 - © OECD 2013

Country statistical profile: European Union 2013
‌‌
Unit
‌2005‌
‌2006‌
‌2007‌
‌2008‌
‌2009‌
‌2010‌
‌2011‌
‌2012‌
Production and income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
GDP per capita
USD current PPPs
26 886
 
29 063
 
30 788
 
32 005
 
31 049
 
31 766
 
32 713
 
33 664
 
Gross national income (GNI) per capita
USD current PPPs
26 950
 
29 150
 
30 811
 
31 967
 
31 047
 
31 790
 
32 751
 
33 675
 
Household disposable income
Annual growth %
1.5
 
1.8
 
1.9
 
1.1
 
0.6
 
-0.5
 
-0.4
 
-1.2
 
Economic growth
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Real GDP growth
Annual growth %
2.1
 
3.3
 
3.2
 
0.3
 
-4.3
 
2.1
 
1.6
 
-0.3
 
Net saving rate in household disposable income
%
5.8
 
5.5
 
5.3
 
5.7
 
7.8
 
6.3
 
5.6
 
5.5
 
Gross fixed capital formation
% of GDP
3.5
 
6.3
 
6.3
 
-1.1
 
-13.0
 
0.0
 
1.4
 
-2.9
 
Economic structure - value added
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Agriculture, forestry, fishing: share of real value added
%
1.8
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.7
 
1.7
 
Industry: share of real value added
%
20.0
 
20.1
 
20.1
 
19.7
 
18.3
 
19.2
 
19.5
 
19.3
 
Finance, insurance, real estate, business: share of real value added
%
25.4
 
25.5
 
25.8
 
25.9
 
26.2
 
26.0
 
26.0
 
26.2
 
Government deficits and debt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Government deficit
% of GDP
-2.5
 
-1.5
 
-0.9
 
-2.4
 
-6.9
 
-6.5
 
-4.4
 
-4.0
 
General government debt
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
General government revenues
% of GDP
44.3
 
44.7
 
44.7
 
44.7
 
44.2
 
44.1
 
44.7
 
45.5
 
General government expenditures
% of GDP
46.8
 
46.3
 
45.6
 
47.1
 
51.1
 
50.6
 
49.1
 
49.4
 
Expenditure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Public expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private expenditure on health
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private social expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Public pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Private pension expenditure
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Net official development assistance (Aid)
% of GNI
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total tax revenue
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on income and profits
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on goods and services
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Taxes on the average worker
% of labour cost
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Trade
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imports of goods and services
% of GDP
36.4
 
39.1
 
39.5
 
41.1
 
35.9
 
39.8
 
42.6
 
42.7
 
Exports of goods and services
% of GDP
37.2
 
39.6
 
40.1
 
41.3
 
36.9
 
40.8
 
43.7
 
44.7
 
Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods
Bln USD
-157.8
 
-230.1
 
-263.5
 
-358.4
 
-143.5
 
-204.7
 
..
 
..
 
Imports of goods
Bln USD
1 465.1
 
1 671.9
 
1 966.6
 
2 287.7
 
1 670.9
 
1 990.5
 
2 347.3
 
2 301.1
 
Exports of goods
Bln USD
1 307.3
 
1 441.8
 
1 703.1
 
1 929.3
 
1 527.4
 
1 785.8
 
1 934.2
 
2 166.4
 
Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services
Bln USD
168.3
 
214.2
 
285.2
 
320.6
 
286.4
 
313.2
 
385.7
 
380.9
 
Imports of services
Bln USD
1 128.6
 
1 235.2
 
1 461.4
 
1 623.3
 
1 453.6
 
1 503.5
 
1 648.7
 
1 606.9
 
Exports of services
Bln USD
1 297.2
 
1 449.4
 
1 746.7
 
1 945.2
 
1 742.8
 
1 817.1
 
2 036.1
 
1 989.4
 
Current account balance of payments
% of GDP
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Outward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
8 928 974
 
9 230 199
 
9 495 659
 
..
 
Inward FDI stocks
Mln USD
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
7 605 056
 
7 438 191
 
7 515 827
 
..
 
Inflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
582 075
 
855 856
 
538 685
 
361 775
 
334 791
 
419 796
 
..
 
Outflows of foreign direct investment
Mln USD
..
 
686 543
 
1 252 669
 
977 776
 
387 804
 
487 525
 
556 613
 
..
 
Prices and interest rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inflation rate: all items
Annual growth %
2.4
 
2.5
 
2.6
 
3.8
 
1.2
 
2.3
 
3.2
 
2.9
 
Inflation rate: all items non food non energy
Annual growth %
2.0
 
1.8
 
2.3
 
2.2
 
1.8
 
1.8
 
2.0
 
1.9
 
Inflation rate: food
Annual growth %
0.9
 
2.6
 
3.9
 
6.8
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
3.3
 
3.4
 
Inflation rate: energy
Annual growth %
9.9
 
9.0
 
3.1
 
12.2
 
-5.0
 
7.5
 
11.3
 
7.5
 
Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing
Annual growth %
3.3
 
3.4
 
3.1
 
5.0
 
-3.8
 
3.0
 
5.8
 
2.3
 
Long-term interest rates
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Purchasing power and exchange rates
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchasing power parities
EUR per USD
0.84
 
0.82
 
0.81
 
0.78
 
0.76
 
0.77
 
0.77
 
0.76
 
Exchange rates
EUR per USD
0.80
 
0.80
 
0.73
 
0.68
 
0.72
 
0.76
 
0.72
 
0.78
 
Indices of price levels
OECD = 100
102
 
102
 
107
 
108
 
103
 
99
 
100
 
..
 
Energy supply and prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Mtoe
1 779.7
 
1 778.7
 
1 757.7
 
1 749.5
 
1 653.9
 
1 714.3
 
..
 
..
 
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Toe per '000 USD
0.13
 
0.13
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
0.12
 
..
 
..
 
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
%
6.5
 
6.9
 
7.6
 
8.2
 
9.2
 
10.1
 
..
 
..
 
Crude oil import prices
USD per barrel
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
ICT related occupations: business sector employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Households with access to the Internet
%
48.4
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
70.1
 
73.2
 
..
 
Environment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Water abstractions
Mln m3
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Aquaculture
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste total
'000 tonnes
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Municipal waste per capita
Kg
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
CO2emissions from fuel combustion
Mln tonnes
3 977
 
3 993
 
3 940
 
3 865
 
3 571
 
3 660
 
..
 
..
 
Education
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: non-tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Expenditure per student: tertiary, 2009 prices
USD constant PPPs
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
6.1
 
5.7
 
5.6
 
6.3
 
6.5
 
..
 
..
 
Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment
%
..
 
15.4
 
14.5
 
13.9
 
16.4
 
17.5
 
..
 
..
 
Employment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employment rate in population aged 15-24
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 25-54
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Employment rate in population aged 55-64
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Incidence of part-time employment
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Self-employment rate: total employment
%
17.3
 
17.1
 
16.9
 
16.5
 
16.6
 
16.8
 
16.6
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, men: male employment
%
20.5
 
20.3
 
20.1
 
19.8
 
20.0
 
20.3
 
20.2
 
..
 
Self-employment rate, women: female employment
%
13.2
 
13.0
 
12.8
 
12.5
 
12.4
 
12.6
 
12.4
 
..
 
Unemployment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unemployment rate: total labour force
%
9.0
 
8.3
 
7.2
 
7.1
 
9.0
 
9.7
 
9.7
 
10.5
 
Unemployment rate, men: male labour force
%
8.3
 
7.5
 
6.6
 
6.6
 
8.9
 
9.6
 
9.5
 
10.3
 
Unemployment rate, women: female labour force
%
9.8
 
9.0
 
7.9
 
7.6
 
8.9
 
9.6
 
9.8
 
10.5
 
Long-term unemployment: total unemployed
%
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Labour compensation and hours worked
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy
Annual growth %
2.8
 
3.4
 
3.3
 
3.3
 
3.0
 
1.6
 
1.9
 
2.4
 
Average time worked per person in employment
Hours per year
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Research and Development (R&D)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Mln USD
229 931
 
242 058
 
251 118
 
262 891
 
262 780
 
267 201
 
..
 
..
 
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Per '000 employed
6.2
 
6.4
 
6.4
 
6.6
 
6.9
 
7.0
 
..
 
..
 
Population
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total population
'000 persons
492 173
 
494 251
 
496 489
 
498 686
 
500 386
 
501 727
 
503 016
 
504 741
 
Population growth rates
%
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.5
 
0.4
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
0.3
 
Total fertility rates
Children
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.5
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
1.6
 
..
 
..
 
Youth population aged less than 15
% of population
16.1
 
15.9
 
15.7
 
15.7
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
15.6
 
Elderly population aged 65 and over
% of population
16.7
 
16.9
 
17.0
 
17.1
 
17.3
 
17.5
 
17.7
 
17.9
 
International migration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign-born population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Foreign population
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born men
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of native-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Unemployment rate of foreign-born women
% of labour force
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Health
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Life expectancy at birth
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
78.7
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: men
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
75.5
 
..
 
..
 
Life expectancy at birth: women
Years
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
81.8
 
..
 
..
 
Infant mortality
Per '000
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Overweight and obese aged 15 and over
% of population
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
52.7
 
..
 
..
 
Suicide rates
Per 100 000 persons
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
..
 
Transport
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goods transport
Mln tonne-km
2 314 552
 
2 399 204
 
2 491 744
 
2 457 376
 
2 185 835
 
2 303 310
 
..
 
..
 
Passenger transport
Mln passenger-km
5 075 849
 
5 129 189
 
5 197 464
 
5 234 989
 
5 300 274
 
5 250 282
 
..
 
..
 
Road fatalities
Per mln inhabitants
91
 
87
 
86
 
79
 
79
 
62
 
..
 
..
 
..
Not available
|
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Source: OECD Factbook statistics. For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2013 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2013-en)
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